Takayuki Kawaguchi

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White adipocytes are unique in that they contain large unilocular lipid droplets that occupy most of the cytoplasm. To identify genes involved in the maintenance of mature adipocytes, we expressed dominant-negative PPARgamma in 3T3-L1 cells and performed a microarray screen. The fat-specific protein of 27 kDa (FSP27) was strongly downregulated in this(More)
Chronic inflammation in adipose tissue is thought to be important for the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Furthermore, the level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is increased not only in adipose tissue but also in the circulation in association with obesity. However, it has remained unclear to what extent the increased circulating(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the antitumor activity and pharmacokinetic profile of MEN4901/T-0128 in nude mice bearing human tumor xenografts in comparison with irinotecan (CPT-11) and T-2513. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We have determined the antitumor activity of MEN4901/T-0128, CPT-11, and T-2513 in BALB/cA Jcl nude mice bearing(More)
SNARE proteins (VAMP2, syntaxin4, and SNAP23) have been thought to play a key role in GLUT4 trafficking by mediating the tethering, docking and subsequent fusion of GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma membrane. The precise functions of these proteins have remained elusive, however. We have now shown that depletion of the vesicle SNARE (v-SNARE) VAMP2(More)
It is established that wortmannin which completely inhibits class IA PI 3-kinase activation abrogated the insulin-dependent translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane in adipocytes and skeletal muscle. However, it was not clear which steps wortmannin inhibited during the whole translocation process of GLUT4. We have now dissected the each steps of the(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between bilateral knee extension strengths and gait performance in subjects with poststroke hemiparesis and to predict gait performance by the paretic and nonparetic knee extension strength. [Subjects and Methods] This was a correlational study in which 238 consecutive inpatients with(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) contains a unique gene pX coding for p40 chi, and this protein was suggested to activate the transcription from the LTR of HTLV. By a similar mechanism, this viral function might be involved in immortalization of T-cells and leukemogenesis in adult T-cell leukemia induced by HTLV-I. In this communication, a part(More)
We searched for innovative treatments specifically targeted to the cytokines of three critically ill patients with streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS). Direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B-immobilized fiber improved the hemodynamics in all three patients who had developed shock at presentation. Continuous hemodiafiltration coupled with plasma(More)
The antimetastatic activity of a novel camptothecan conjugate, MEN4901/T-0128, in which 7-ethyl-10-aminopropyloxy-camptothecin (T-2513) is bound to a biodegradable carboxymethyldextran via a Gly-Gly-Gly linker, was observed in this study. High antimetastatic activity of MEN4901/T-0128 was demonstrated in a clinically-relevant orthotopic mouse model of human(More)
SUV39H is the major histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9)-specific methyltransferase that targets pericentric regions and is crucial for assembling silent heterochromatin. SUV39H recognizes trimethylated H3K9 (H3K9me3) via its chromodomain (CD), and enriched H3K9me3 allows SUV39H to target specific chromosomal regions. However, the detailed targeting mechanisms,(More)