Takayuki Inagaki

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Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections are increasing annually in various countries, including Japan, but the route of transmission and pathophysiology of the infection remain unclear. Currently, a variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) typing method using the Mycobacterium avium tandem repeat (MATR) loci (MATR-VNTR) is employed in Japan for(More)
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection causes disseminated disease in immunocompromised hosts, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients, and pulmonary disease in persons without systemic immunosuppression, which has been increasing in many countries. In Japan, the incidence of pulmonary MAC disease caused by M. avium is about 7(More)
Clinical isolates of Mycobacterium avium (n=81) from patients with pulmonary infections who were HIV-negative and isolates (n=33) from HIV-positive patients were subjected to genetic analysis by PCR detection of three M. avium-specific insertion sequences (IS901, IS1245 and IS1311), and nucleotide sequencing of the heat-shock protein 65 (hsp65) gene. All(More)
In addition to its known status as a disseminated disease in HIV-positive patients, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is increasingly recognized as a causative pathogen of respiratory disease in HIV-negative patients. MAC is divided into Mycobacterium avium, and the less-epidemiologically studied Mycobacterium intracellulare. Genetic typing for M.(More)
OBJECTIVES Clarithromycin is the key drug in the various treatment regimens of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) diseases, and is the only drug for which drug susceptibility has been shown to correlate with clinical response in these diseases. A point mutation at either positions 2058 or 2059 of the 23S rRNA gene has been reported to occur in high-level(More)
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections are increasing annually in many countries. MAC strains are the most common nontuberculous mycobacterial pathogens isolated from respiratory samples and predominantly consist of two species, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare. The aim of this study was to analyze the molecular epidemiology and(More)
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes mainly two types of disease. The first is disseminated disease in immunocompromised hosts, such as individuals infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The second is pulmonary disease in individuals without systemic immunosuppression, and the incidence of this type is increasing worldwide. M. avium subsp.(More)
Chronic ingestion of arsenic is associated with an increased risk of vascular disease such as atherosclerosis. Previously, we showed that arsenite inhibits the synthesis of general proteoglycans (PGs), which are key molecules in the progression of atherosclerosis, in vascular endothelial cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of several(More)
BACKGROUND The pulmonary disease caused by Mycobacterium avium shows diverse clinical manifestations. Little is known about the potential association between the genetic characteristics of M. avium strains and disease progression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We enrolled 89 patients with disease caused by M. avium, from 12 hospitals in Japan and collected the(More)
INTRODUCTION To make more effective use of variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) typing, we identified novel VNTR loci in Mycobacterium avium and used them for modified M. avium tandem repeat-VNTR (MATR-VNTR) typing. METHOD Analysis of a DNA sample extracted from a clinical isolate (strain HN135) with the FLX system genome sequencer (Roche Diagnostic(More)