Takayuki Hase

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Ultrastructural changes of mouse brain neurons infected intracerebrally with Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus were studied. JE virus selectively infected the neurons, causing ultrastructural changes in association with viral replication in the cellular secretory system, principally involving rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and the Golgi apparatus. In the(More)
The entry modes of Semliki Forest virus and Japanese encephalitis virus into C6/36 cells were compared by electron microscopic observation. At physiological pH, the two viruses showed characteristically different entry modes. Following attachment to the plasma membrane, many SF virions appeared within plasma membrane invaginations and cytoplasmic vesicles;(More)
The brains of mice infected with Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus by intracerebral inoculation (IC), intraperitoneal inoculation with sham intracerebral inoculation (IP+sIC), and intraperitoneal inoculation (IP) were studied by light and electron microscopy. The mortality rates and mean survival days were 100% and 4.8 days for the IC group, 92% and 9.0 days(More)
The entry mode and growth pattern of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus in mouse neuroblastoma N18TG2 cells and mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma NG108-15 hybrid cells were studied by electron microscopy. At two minutes after inoculation, JE virions adsorbed onto and directly penetrated through the plasma membrane of the hybrid cells, whereas virions did not(More)
The entry modes of Japanese encephalitis (JE) and dengue-2 (DEN-2) viruses into C6/36 mosquito cells and of DEN-2 virus into human peripheral blood monocytes in vitro were studied. Inoculation of either JE or DEN-2 virions into C6/36 cells resulted in direct penetration of the virions into the cytoplasm at the cell surface in 3 stages. At stage 1, virions(More)
The maturation process of dengue-2 virus in C6/36 mosquito cells was studied by electron microscopy at 12, 16, 24, 48, and 78 hours postinoculation (p.i.) and by immunoelectron microscopy at 48 and 78 hours p.i. Maturing virions appeared within cytoplasmic vacuoles and on the surface of infected cells from 24 hours p.i. onward in close topographical(More)
The maturation process of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus in C6/36 cells in vitro and in mouse brain cells in vivo was studied by electron microscopy. In the C6/36 cell infection, 500 to 2250 virions per cell were released into the medium during the period of study; yet, no virus budding process was observed at the host cell membranes. JE virions at(More)
Flavivirus-induced polykaryocytes were detected in monolayers of Aedes albopictus (clone C6/36) mosquito cells as early as 20 min after adsorbing virus to these cells. A high multiplicity of infection with dengue (DEN)-1, 2, 3, 4, Japanese encephalitis, and yellow fever viruses was required to demonstrate fusion from without (FFWO) with these flaviviruses.(More)
The replication rates and pathogenicities of the SA 14 parent and SA 14-14-2 vaccine strains of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus in neurons of the mouse brain following intracerebral inoculation were compared. All the mice inoculated with the SA 14 parent strain died within one week postinoculation (p.i.), whereas all the mice inoculated with the SA 14-14-2(More)