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The aim of the study was to evaluate preoperative variables predictive of lethal morbidities in critically ill surgical patients at a national level.There is no report of risk stratification for morbidities associated with mortality in critically ill patients with acute diffuse peritonitis (ADP).We examined data from 16,930 patients operated during 2011 and(More)
PURPOSE The potential for introducing transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) into islet cells was indicated by recognizing that Liberase HI is isolated from Clostridium histolyticum grown in media containing brain-heart infusion broth. A national team within the Japanese Pancreas and Islet Transplantation Association implemented an islet(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility, safety and histological change of preoperative endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle injection (PEU-FNI) of immature DCs (iDCs) with OK-432 in pancreatic cancer patients. METHODS Nine patients enrolled in the trial (DC group) and were compared with 15 patients operated on without iDC injection (non-DC group).(More)
BACKGROUND Islet transplantation is a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes. Due to a shortage of suitable human pancreata, high cost, and the large dose of islets presently required for long-term diabetes reversal; it is important to maximize viable islet yield. Traditional methods of pancreas preservation have been identified as suboptimal due to(More)
PURPOSE Acute diffuse peritonitis (ADP) is an important surgical complication associated with high morbidity and mortality; however, the risk factors associated with a poor outcome have remained controversial. This study aimed in collecting integrated data using a web-based national database system to build a risk model for mortality after surgery for ADP.(More)
The cancer registry is an essential part of any rational program of evidence-based cancer control. The cancer control program is required to strategize in a systematic and impartial manner and efficiently utilize limited resources. In Japan, the National Clinical Database (NCD) was launched in 2010. It is a nationwide prospective registry linked to various(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine is a promising drug for cholangiocarcinoma treatment. However, the kinetics and metabolism of this drug in cholangiocarcinoma treatment are not well defined. We aimed to investigate the potential clinical role of gemcitabine metabolism-related genes in the gemcitabine sensitivity of cholangiocarcinoma and identify and characterize(More)
Porcine islet xenotransplantation is a promising alternative to human islet allotransplantation. Porcine pancreas cooling needs to be optimized to reduce the warm ischemia time (WIT) following donation after cardiac death, which is associated with poorer islet isolation outcomes. This study examines the effect of four different cooling Methods on core(More)
In the surgical treatment of pancreatic cancer, margin-negative status is one of the most important determinants of survival. We conducted this study to explore surgical margin status as well as other factors affecting the survival of borderline-resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine and S-1.(More)
International collaboration is important in healthcare quality evaluation; however, few international comparisons of general surgery outcomes have been accomplished. Furthermore, predictive model application for risk stratification has not been internationally evaluated. The National Clinical Database (NCD) in Japan was developed in collaboration with the(More)