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Thermococcus litoralis 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (TLGT) belongs to glucoside hydrolase family 57 and catalyzes the disproportionation of amylose and the formation of large cyclic alpha-1,4-glucan (cycloamylose) from linear amylose. We determined the crystal structure of TLGT with and without an inhibitor, acarbose. TLGT is composed of two domains: an(More)
The polyene macrolide antibiotic filipin is widely used as a probe for cholesterol and a diagnostic tool for type C Niemann-Pick disease. Two position-specific P450 enzymes are involved in the post-polyketide modification of filipin during its biosynthesis, thereby providing molecular diversity to the "filipin complex." CYP105P1 and CYP105D6 from(More)
We have shown that many fungi (eukaryotes) exhibit distinct denitrifying activities, although occurrence of denitrification was previously thought to be restricted to bacteria (prokaryotes), and have characterized the fungal denitrification system. It comprises NirK (copper-containing nitrite reductase) and P450nor (a cytochrome P450 nitric oxide (NO)(More)
The crystal structure of ferredoxin from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus sp. strain 7 was determined by multiple isomorphous replacement supplemented with anomalous scattering effects of iron atoms in the Fe-S clusters, and refined at 2.0 A resolution to a crystallographic R value of 0.173. The structural model contains a polypeptide chain of 103(More)
The archaeal leuB gene encoding isopropylmalate dehydrogenase of Sulfolobus sp. strain 7 was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant Sulfolobus sp. enzyme was extremely stable to heat. The substrate and coenzyme specificities of the archaeal enzyme resembled those of the bacterial counterparts. Sedimentation equilibrium(More)
The dicluster-type ferredoxin is a key electron carrier in the cytoplasm of the aerobic and thermoacidophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus sp. strain 7, and contains 1 aspartate and 7 cysteine residues as possible ligands to two FeS clusters. The optical, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and cyclic voltammetric studies suggest the presence of one each of(More)
Xylanase C from Aspergillus kawachii has an optimum pH of 2.0 and is stable at pH 1.0. The crystal structure of xylanase C was determined at 2.0 A resolution (R-factor = 19.4%). The overall structure was similar to those of other family 11 xylanases. Asp37 and an acid-base catalyst, Glu170, are located at a hydrogen-bonding distance (2.8 A), as in other(More)
The carbazole 1,9a-dioxygenase (CARDO) system of Pseudomonas resinovorans strain CA10 catalyzes the dioxygenation of carbazole; the 9aC carbon bonds to a nitrogen atom and its adjacent 1C carbon as the initial reaction in the mineralization pathway. The CARDO system is composed of ferredoxin reductase (CarAd), ferredoxin (CarAc), and terminal oxygenase(More)
In contrast to most denitrifiers studied so far, Pseudomonas stutzeri TR2 produces low levels of nitrous oxide (N(2)O) even under aerobic conditions. We compared the denitrification activity of strain TR2 with those of various denitrifiers in an artificial medium that was derived from piggery wastewater. Strain TR2 exhibited strong denitrification activity(More)