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Rubrerythrin (Rbr) is a non-heme iron protein composed of two distinctive domains and functions as a peroxidase in anaerobic organisms. A novel Rbr-like protein, ferriperoxin (Fpx), was identified in Hydrogenobacter thermophilus and was found not to possess the rubredoxin-like domain that is present in typical Rbrs. Although this protein is widely(More)
Alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase (EC is one of the hemicellulases that cleave the glycosidic bonds between L-arabinofuranoside side chains and various oligosaccharides. In this study, the first crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase B from Aspergillus kawachii IFO4308 (AkAbfB), a family 54 glycoside hydrolase, is(More)
Enzymes catalyse specific reactions and are essential for maintaining life. Although some are referred to as being bifunctional, they consist of either two distinct catalytic domains or a single domain that displays promiscuous substrate specificity. Thus, one enzyme active site is generally responsible for one biochemical reaction. In contrast to this(More)
The aerobic respiratory chain of Pyrobaculum oguniense is expressed constitutively even under anaerobic conditions. The membranes of both aerobically and anaerobically grown cells show oxygen consumption activity with NADH as substrate, bovine cytochrome c oxidase activity and TMPD oxidase activity. Spectroscopic analysis and haem analysis of membranes of(More)
The tyrosine residue Y198 is known to support a nucleophilic water molecule with the general base residue, D263, in the reducing-end xylose-releasing exo-oligoxylanase (Rex). A mutation in the tyrosine residue changing it into phenylalanine caused a drastic decrease in the hydrolytic activity and a small increase in the F(-) releasing activity from(More)
The putative gene (st2133) for ferredoxin:NADP+ oxidoreductase (FNR) from Sulfolobus tokodaii, a thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon, was heterologously expressed. About 90 % of the purified product was a homodimer containing 0.46 mol FAD/mol subunit, and showing NADPH:DCPIP oxidoreductase activity, V max being 1.38 and 21.8 U/mg (70 °C) in the absence and(More)
As a new member of the glucose-phosphorylating enzymes, the ATP-dependent hexokinase from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii was purified, identified, and characterized. Our results revealed that the enzyme differs from other known enzymes in primary structure and its broad substrate specificity for both phosphoryl donors and acceptors.
Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It undergoes hydroxylation by mammalian cytochrome P450 enzymes at 4′- and/or 5′-positions. A bacterial P450 enzyme, CYP105D7 from Streptomyces avermitilis, has been shown to catalyze hydroxylation of 1-deoxypentalenic acid and an isoflavone daidzein. Here, we demonstrated that CYP105D7 also catalyzes(More)
As the first three-dimensional structure of the two-subunit type 2-oxoacid:ferredoxin oxidoreductases (OFOR) from archaea, we solved the crystal structures of STK_23000/STK_22980 (StOFOR1) and STK_24350/STK_24330 (StOFOR2) from Sulfolobus tokodaii. They showed similar overall structures, consisting of two a- and b-subunit heterodimers containing thiamin(More)
Archaea use glycolytic pathways distinct from those found in bacteria and eukaryotes, where unique enzymes catalyze each reaction step. In this study, we isolated three isozymes of glyceraldehyde oxidoreductase (GAOR1, GAOR2 and GAOR3) from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii. GAOR1-3 belong to the xanthine oxidoreductase superfamily, and are(More)