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OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of endoscopic sphincterotomy plus large balloon dilation (ESLBD) and to compare procedural time and fluoroscopy time of ESLBD with those of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) alone for patients with large bile duct stones. METHODS Retrospective analysis. RESULTS A total of 101 patients(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE It has been reported that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be used to predict survival in metastatic breast cancer. In this preliminary study, we examined the level of CTCs in pancreatic cancer (PC) patients to elucidate whether we could predict survival in PC. METHODS The eligible subjects, at Tokyo Medical University Hospital, were(More)
Recently, it was found that myosin generating very fast cytoplasmic streaming in Chara corallina has very high ATPase activity. To estimate the energy consumed by this myosin, its concentration in the internodal cells of C. corallina was determined by quantitative immunoblot. It was found that the concentration of Chara myosin was considerably high (200 nM)(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE)-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with Billroth II gastrectomy (B-II) or Roux-en-Y anastomosis (R-Y). METHODS Thirteen SBE procedures were performed in 2 patients with B-II and 11 patients with R-Y at Tokyo Medical(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine is an efficacious cytotoxic agent used in the treatment of unresectable pancreatic carcinoma (PC). Recently, gemcitabine resistance has been associated with the ribonucleotide reductase subunit M2 (RRM2). In this prospective study, we hypothesized that RRM2 expression in PC biopsy specimens would be a significant predictor of outcome.(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatodigestive tract anastomotic site stenosis is a problematic complication after pancreatoduodenectomy. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of endoscopic treatments for a stenotic pancreatodigestive tract anastomosis. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Endoscopic units of a university-affiliated hospital and a general(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) is a revolutionary, minimally invasive method of performing choledochoenterostomy or choledochocholedochostomy without using surgical techniques in patients with biliary stricture or obstruction. Herein, we describe a case series of MCA for severe biliary stricture or obstruction, which could not be treated(More)
National guidelines recommend trastuzumab for treatment of patients with metastatic HER2-positive gastric cancer (GC). There is currently no guideline indicating the number of biopsy specimens and the location from which they should be obtained to reliably determine the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status in GC. The aim of this pilot(More)
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided biliary drainage was performed for treatment of patients who have obstructive jaundice in cases of failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). In the present study, we introduced the feasibility and outcome of EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy in four patients who failed in ERCP. We performed the(More)