Takayoshi Nakano

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Preferential orientation of biological apatite (Ap) crystallites in typical calcified tissues of rabbit ulna, rabbit skull, and monkey dentulous mandible was investigated using a microbeam X-ray diffractometer, with a beam spot of 100 microm in diameter, to clarify relationship between the Ap orientation and mechanical function. Preferential alignment of(More)
Bone tissue geometry shows a highly anisotropic architecture, which is derived from its genetic regulation and mechanical environment. Osteoblasts are responsible not only for bone formation, through the secretion of collagen type I, but also for sensing the mechanical stimuli due to bone surface strain. Mechanotransduction by osteoblasts is therefore(More)
Long-period superstructures formed in off-stoichiometric L 1(0)-TiAl alloys were investigated by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The HRTEM analysis combined with multislice simulation and image processing was carried out to clarify atomistic microstructures of Al5Ti3 and h-Al2Ti ordered states and a short-range ordered (SRO) state(More)
Mechanical loading plays a key role in altering macroscopic and microscopic bone structure through functional adaptation; however, the anisotropic micro-organization of collagen and biological apatite (BAp) in adaptively created bone tissue is not well understood in spite of its importance in the mechanical function of bone. In this study, we artificially(More)
There are safety concerns regarding administration of bisphosphonates to children. Little is known about the effects of bisphosphonates on bone matrix organization during bone modeling. The present study examined the effects of alendronate (ALN) on bone matrices formed by intramembranous ossification in the appendicular growing skeleton. ALN was(More)
Cleavage of the antigenic telopeptide region from type I collagen yields atelocollagen, and this is widely used as a scaffold for bone regeneration combined with cells, growth factors, etc. However, neither the biological effect of atelocollagen alone or its contribution to bone regeneration has been well studied. We evaluated the chronological histological(More)
We proposed a novel surface modification for an artificial hip joint stem from the viewpoint of maintenance and establishment of appropriate bone function and microstructure, represented by the preferred alignment of biological apatite (BAp) and collagen (Col). Oriented grooves were introduced into the proximal medial region of the femoral stem to control(More)
Bone tissue shows a highly anisotropic microstructure comprising biological apatite and collagen fibrils produced by the mutual activities of bone cells, which dominates its mechanical function. Accordingly, directional control of osteoblasts is crucial for forming anisotropic bone tissue. A new approach was proposed for controlling cell directionality by(More)
OBJECTIVES Polyphasic calcium phosphates (Poly-CaP), a complex of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and soluble calcium phosphates including alpha-tricalcium phosphate and tetracalcium phosphate, demonstrate promoting effects on hard tissue formation by osteoblasts. We hypothesized that a Poly-CaP block with a soluble calcium phosphates phase on one side and an(More)
A dentin primer incorporating an antibacterial monomer 12-methacryloyloxydodecylpyridinium bromide (MDPB) shows strong antibacterial effects, and may provide better prognosis for direct capping of infected pulp exposed by caries removal compared with conventional adhesives. However, influences of MDPB on healing of the pulp have not yet been fully(More)