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A lysophospholipid series, such as lysophosphatidic acid, lysophosphatidylserine, and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), is a bioactive lipid mediator with diverse physiological and pathological functions. LPC has been reported to induce insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells, however, the precise mechanism has remained elusive to date. Here we show that(More)
Nicotinic acid and its derivative, Acipimox, have been widely used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Pharmacological studies have demonstrated that they exert the beneficial effect through the activation of a Gi-protein-coupled receptor on adipocyte, which has remained elusive to date. Here we show that a novel GPCR, designated HM74b because of its high(More)
Recent studies have identified two novel biofunctional proteins, termed prokineticin 1/EG-VEGF and prokineticin 2, which were mammalian homologues of mamba MIT1 and frog Bv8. Prokineticins have been demonstrated to exert their physiological functions through G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). In this study, we report the molecular identification of two(More)
Histamine H(4) receptor is considered as a novel therapeutic target for allergic diseases. To enhance the knowledge about species difference, which is essential for drug discovery research, monkey H(4) receptor was identified. Monkey H(4) receptor was characterized to have comparable similarity with its human counterpart. Discovery of monkey H(4) receptor(More)
The cDNA encoding histamine H4 receptor was cloned from the porcine spleen cDNA library. Porcine H4 receptor, which shares 72% homology with its human counterpart, bound to histamine in receptor-expressing mammalian cells. Isolation of the porcine H4 receptor, which is important for understanding of the pharmacology, will aid in better interpretation of(More)
The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family is highly diversified and involved in many forms of information processing. SREB2 (GPR85) is the most conserved GPCR throughout vertebrate evolution and is expressed abundantly in brain structures exhibiting high levels of plasticity, e.g., the hippocampal dentate gyrus. Here, we show that SREB2 is involved in(More)
Prokineticins, multifunctional secreted proteins, activate two endogenous G protein-coupled receptors PKR1 and PKR2. From in situ analysis of the mouse brain, we discovered that PKR2 is predominantly expressed in the olfactory bulb (OB). To examine the role of PKR2 in the OB, we created PKR1- and PKR2-gene-disrupted mice (Pkr1(-/-) and Pkr2(-/-),(More)
Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP[1-20]/PAMP-20) and its truncated analog, PAMP[9-20]/PAMP-12, are endogenous peptides that elicit hypotension through inhibiting catecholamine secretion from sympathetic nerve endings and adrenal chromaffin cells. Although the binding sites for PAMP are widely distributed, the nature of its receptor has been(More)
In contrast to the 40 kDa arginine kinases from Molllusca and Arthropoda, the adductor muscle of the marine clam Pseudocardium sachalinensis contains an unusual arginine kinase consisting of an 86 kDa subunit. The cDNA encoding the 86 kDa arginine kinase was amplified by PCR and the cDNA-derived amino acid sequence of 724 residues was determined. The exact(More)
Activation of anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK) is involved in the pathogenesis of several carcinomas, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4 (EML4)-ALK, which is derived from the rearrangement of ALK and EML4 genes, has been validated as a therapeutic target in a subset of patients(More)
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