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BACKGROUND The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and may affect(More)
AIM Renal insufficiency is associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. Since the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the revascularization therapy has evolved with advances of devices, improvements in operator techniques, and the establishment of medical therapy. We examined temporal trends of the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), the presence of sleep-disordered breathing, including either obstructive sleep apnea or Cheyne-Stokes respiration-central sleep apnea, is associated with a poor prognosis. A large-scale clinical trial showed that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) did not improve the prognosis of such patients(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor and prognosticator for ischemic heart disease, but its actual effect on long-term mortality after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS All-cause death and cardiovascular death were investigated among patients with ACS upon admission who underwent complete revascularization(More)
Coronary artery disease is a critical issue that requires physicians to consider appropriate treatment strategies, especially for elderly people who tend to have several comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus (DM) and multivessel disease (MVD). Several studies have been conducted comparing clinical outcomes between percutaneous coronary intervention(More)
Amiodarone is a widely used agent for life-threatening arrhythmias. Although amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is a major adverse effect that can cause recurrence of arrhythmias and exacerbation of heart failure, risk factors for AIT among amiodarone-treated Japanese patients have not been elucidated. Here, we investigated the prevalence and(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) sometimes have atrioventricular (AV) block during sleep. However, significant resolution of such AV block with treatment for OSAS has been reported. On the other hand, during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, conduction disturbances not associated with the apnea event can be observed, particularly in young(More)
Objective Diabetes is a negative predictor in coronary artery disease patients. Since the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), PCI has evolved through technological advances in devices, improvements in operators' techniques and the establishment of effective therapeutic protocols. The aim of this study is to examine the changes in the(More)
BACKGROUND Several animal models have facilitated the evaluation and pathological understanding of atherosclerosis, but a definitive animal model of coronary atherosclerosis is not available. We therefore developed low density lipoprotein receptor knockout (LDLR-KO) pigs with hypercholesterolemia, a model which rapidly developed coronary atherosclerosis(More)
In peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower extremities, the presence of flow-limiting stenoses can be objectively detected by the ankle-brachial index (ABI). However, the severity of ischemic symptoms is not necessarily associated with the ABI value. Atherosclerotic plaque in lower extremity PAD induces ankle arterial stiffness and reduces ankle(More)