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BACKGROUND The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and may affect(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) relates to overnight rostral fluid shift, possibly because fluid accumulation around the pharynx increases pharyngeal resistance (Rph). We hypothesised that Rph will increase more in men with than without OSA in response to rostral fluid redistribution. METHODS Seventeen men with, and 12 without OSA were randomized(More)
Coronary artery disease is a critical issue that requires physicians to consider appropriate treatment strategies, especially for elderly people who tend to have several comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus (DM) and multivessel disease (MVD). Several studies have been conducted comparing clinical outcomes between percutaneous coronary intervention(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been recognized as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases; however, the impact of SDB on long-term outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome has not been fully evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed overnight cardiorespiratory monitoring of 241 patients with acute coronary syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND Several animal models have facilitated the evaluation and pathological understanding of atherosclerosis, but a definitive animal model of coronary atherosclerosis is not available. We therefore developed low density lipoprotein receptor knockout (LDLR-KO) pigs with hypercholesterolemia, a model which rapidly developed coronary atherosclerosis(More)
In peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower extremities, the presence of flow-limiting stenoses can be objectively detected by the ankle-brachial index (ABI). However, the severity of ischemic symptoms is not necessarily associated with the ABI value. Atherosclerotic plaque in lower extremity PAD induces ankle arterial stiffness and reduces ankle(More)
AIM Renal insufficiency is associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. Since the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the revascularization therapy has evolved with advances of devices, improvements in operator techniques, and the establishment of medical therapy. We examined temporal trends of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The degree of coronary artery stenosis should be assessed both anatomically and functionally. We observed that the intensity of blood speckle (IBS) on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is low proximal to a coronary artery stenosis, and high distal to the stenosis. We defined step-up IBS as the distal minus the proximal IBS, and speculated(More)
Amiodarone is a widely used agent for life-threatening arrhythmias. Although amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is a major adverse effect that can cause recurrence of arrhythmias and exacerbation of heart failure, risk factors for AIT among amiodarone-treated Japanese patients have not been elucidated. Here, we investigated the prevalence and(More)
We described a 28-year-old woman with insulinoma-induced hypoglycemic coma. Her initial diffusion-weighted MRI revealed diffuse hyperintense lesions involving bilateral hemispheric white matter. She did not respond to the initial treatment with glucose. However, after surgical removal of insulinoma, she began to recover gradually, and 1 year later, returned(More)
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