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A new non-invasive continuous cardiac output (esCCO) monitoring system solely utilizing a routine cardiovascular monitor was developed, even though a reference cardiac output (CO) is consistently required. Subsequently, a non-invasive patient information CO calibration together with a new automated exclusion algorithm was implemented in the esCCO system. We(More)
BACKGROUND Many technologies have been developed for minimally invasive monitoring of cardiac output. Estimated continuous cardiac output (esCCO) measurement using pulse wave transit time is one noninvasive method. Because it does not require any additional sensors other than those for conducting 3 basic forms of monitoring (electrocardiogram, pulse(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the accuracy of the NICO monitor equipped with the newer software. Additionally, the effects of the increased dead space produced by the NICO monitor on ventilatory settings were investigated. METHODS Forty-two patients undergoing elective aortic reconstruction participated in this prospective, observational study at a(More)
BACKGROUND esCCO (estimated continuous cardiac output, Nihon Kohden, esCCO) is a new cardiac output measurement system which uses pulse wave transit time to calculate cardiac output continuously and non-invasively. One of the most commonly used methods to monitor cardiac output is continuous cardiac output CCO (Edwards Lifesciences) which has an accuracy(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation in coronary artery bypass graft surgery occurs in 10-40% of patients. It is associated with a significant degree of morbidity and results in prolonged lengths of stay in both the intensive care unit and hospital. METHODS The authors prospectively evaluated patients undergoing coronary artery bypass with(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of transient arterial blood pressure change on the accuracy of the FloTrac™/Vigileo™ monitor (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA). METHODS We compared stroke volume determined with the FloTrac/Vigileo with Doppler during anesthetic induction in 20 patients undergoing abdominal aortic(More)
PURPOSE Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been known to be protective against hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury. The purpose of this study was to verify the hypothesis that ANP conserves microvascular circulation and reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury in the in vivo rabbit model. METHODS With IRB approval, 30 male Japanese white rabbits under(More)
PURPOSE The inflammatory response triggered by transfusion is implicated in the pathophysiology of transfusion-related immunomodulation. The authors hypothesized that two distinctive autotransfusion methods, acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and preoperative donation (PD), have different influences on both inflammatory mediator generation during storage(More)
BACKGROUND Since hyperglycemia-induced cellular dysfunction could be associated with alterations of the immune system, we tested the hypothesis that hyperglycemia augments the aberrant immune responses such as inflammation and differentiation of CD4(+) T lymphocytes in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), and induces alterations of microbiota both under(More)