Takashige Kashimoto

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In this study, we compared the apoptotic activities of clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio vulnificus toward macrophages in vitro and in vivo. The clinical isolates induced apoptosis in macrophage-like cells in vitro and in macrophages in vivo. This suggests that macrophage apoptosis may be important for the clinical virulence of V. vulnificus.
Bordetella pertussis dermonecrotic toxin (DNT), which activates intracellular Rho GTPases, is a single chain polypeptide composed of an N-terminal receptor-binding domain and a C-terminal enzymatic domain. We found that DNT was cleaved by furin, a mammalian endoprotease, on the C-terminal side of Arg(44), which generates an N-terminal fragment almost(More)
Hydroxyl radical (*OH) generation in the kidney of mice treated with ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA) or potassium bromate (KBrO3) in vivo was estimated by the salicylate hydroxylation method, using the optimal experimental conditions we recently reported. Induction of DNA lesions and lipid peroxidation in the kidney by these nephrotoxic compounds was also(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative marine bacterium that causes acute gastroenteritis in humans. The virulence of V. parahaemolyticus is dependent upon a type III secretion system (T3SS2). One effector for T3SS2, VopC, is a homologue of the catalytic domain of cytotoxic necrotizing factor (CNF), and was recently reported to be a Rho family GTPase(More)
Vaccination of poultry is one promising strategy to mitigate Salmonella infection in poultry and, in turn, humans as well. We evaluated the efficacy of outer membrane protein A (OmpA) as a novel vaccine candidate against Salmonella in poultry. Native OmpA purified from Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was mixed with adjuvant and administered(More)
The hepatotoxicity of tributyltin chloride (TBTC) and dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) was compared among mice, rats and guinea pigs in vivo. Further, the metabolism of these butyltin compounds in the liver was also investigated in these species. The oral administration of TBTC and DBTC to mice induced obvious liver injury, as demonstrated by both serodiagnosis(More)
Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin (VVH) is thought to be a member of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family of pore-forming toxins. To date, the structure-function relationships of CDCs produced by Gram-negative bacteria remain largely unknown. We show here that the aromatic ring of phenylalanine residue conserved in Vibrionaceae hemolysins is essential(More)
Collagen-I is thought to be the main component of the extracellular matrix in cardiac fibrosis, the accumulation of which occurs with excessive activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). MMP-2 degrades the extracellular matrix; however, the relative importance of MMP-2 to collagen-I synthesis in cardiac fibroblasts remains unclear. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori survival in a hostile acidic environment is known to be caused by its production of urease, which is not released by known secretion pathways. It has been proposed that H. pylori cells undergo spontaneous autolysis during cultivation and that urease becomes surface-associated only concomitant with bacterial autolysis. The aim(More)
Vibrio vulnificus causes rapid disseminating septicemia by oral infection in infected individuals who have an underlying disease, especially chronic liver diseases. Although the elucidation of specific risk factors for V. vulnificus infection in patients with liver diseases is of urgent importance, no appropriate experimental animal model that mimics the(More)