Takashi Yokoo

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Glomerular mesangial cells express matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in response to the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). To elucidate the signal transduction systems involved, we focused on the role of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) and activator protein-1 (AP-1), since the 5'-flanking region of MMP-9 gene contains binding(More)
We found that pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) induces the matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin in cultured glomerular mesangial cells. Although PDTC is a well-known inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B), this effect was independent of the NF-kappa B activity, since overexpression of a dominant negative mutant of p50 NF-kappa B subunit(More)
This report presents a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patient that developed a slowly progressive renal impairment over years under highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The renal biopsy showed diffuse tubulointerstitial nephritis accompanied by crystal formations that were surrounded by multinuclear giant cells. Furthermore, rod-like crystals(More)
In this study, we used genetically modified bone marrow-derived CD11b(+)CD18(+) vehicle cells to deliver IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) for treatment of inflamed renal interstitium in an animal model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Vehicle cells that expressed the ICAM-1 ligands, CD11b and CD18, were obtained from bone marrow cells of DBA/2j(More)
BACKGROUND The study aim was, for the first time, to conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of tonsillectomy in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS Patients with biopsy-proven IgAN, proteinuria and low serum creatinine were randomly allocated to receive tonsillectomy combined with steroid pulses (Group A; n =(More)
Given the limits of allogenic organ transplantation, an ultimate therapeutic solution is to establish a self-organ from autologous stem cells and transplant them as syngrafts back into donor patients. It was reported previously that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) that are cultivated in growing rodent embryos can differentiate within a spatially and(More)
The discovery of tissue stem cells has launched the current boom in the field of regenerative research, which is tremendously exciting and holds enormous therapeutic potential. Despite such optimism, recent findings have tempered the potential for medical practice. Anatomically complicated organs, such as the kidney, have proved refractory to stem(More)
Calcium channel blockers are one of the most useful antihypertensive agents because of their definite blood pressure lowering action. Although the antihypertensive effect of calcium channel blockers is attributed predominantly to the blockade of L-type calcium channels, recent studies demonstrate that the blockade of other subtypes of calcium channels,(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is recommended in the management of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). However, unlike calcium, phosphate or parathyroid hormone, the relationship between serum ALP and patient outcome receiving hemodialysis (HD) in Japan is unknown. METHODS Baseline data of 185 277 HD(More)
Glomerulonephritis is an inflammatory disease of the renal glomerulus, which often progresses either slowly or rapidly, ending in renal death despite the availability of various antiinflammatory drugs. Gene therapy may be a promising method of suppressing the progression of glomerulonephritis through the blockage of key inflammatory molecule(s). However,(More)