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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is primarily characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway. Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic systemic exposure of Lewis rats to rotenone produced many features of PD, and cerebral tauopathy was also detected in the case of severe(More)
The incidence of eggs in individual feces (percentage of infected animals) and the EPG (eggs per gram of feces) of gastrointestinal nematodes for individually discriminated Japanese monkeys of the Koshima troop were investigated monthly from October 1974 to June 1979. Eggs of four nematode species,Oesophagostomum aculeatum, Trichuris trichiura,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by dopaminergic (DA) neuronal cell loss in the substantia nigra. Although the entire pathogenesis of PD is still unclear, both environmental and genetic factors contribute to neurodegeneration. Epidemiologic studies show that prevalence of PD is lower in(More)
The depth profile of the electroretinographic oscillatory potentials was studied in the isolated frog retina. The intraretinal electrode was introduced from the receptor side, and the reference electrode was placed on the vitreal side. The electroretinogram, recorded either transretinally or with the electrode tip in the receptor layer, showed 4 to 10(More)
DJ-1 has recently been shown to be responsible for onset of familial Parkinson's disease (PD), PARK7. DJ-1 has been shown to play roles in transcriptional regulation and anti-oxidative stress, and loss of its function is thought to trigger onset of PD. In this study, a recombinant DJ-1 protein was administrated into the brain of PD model rats that had been(More)
Pramipexole, an agonist for dopamine (DA) D2/D3-receptors, has been used to treat both early and advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we examined the effect of pramipexole on DA neurons in a PD model of C57BL/6 mice, which were treated with rotenone (30 mg/kg, p.o.) daily for 28 days. Pramipexole (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was injected daily 30 min before(More)
Astrocytes, one of the predominant types of glial cells, function as both supportive and metabolic cells for the brain. Under cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative conditions, astrocytes accumulate and activate in the ischemic region. DJ-1 has recently been shown to be a sensor of oxidative stress in living cells. However, the function of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is caused by neuronal cell death. Although a precursor of dopamine and inhibitors of dopamine degradation have been used for PD therapy, cell death progresses during treatment. DJ-1, a causative gene product of a familial form of PD, PARK7, plays roles in transcriptional regulation and anti-oxidative stress, and loss of its function(More)
Although a loss-of-function type mutation was identified in familial Parkinson's disease PARK7, the wild-type of DJ-1 is known to act as an oxidative stress sensor in neuronal cells. Recently, we found a DJ-1 modulator UCP0054278 by in silico virtual screening. In this study, we determined the neuroprotective effects of UCP0054278 against focal(More)
Recent studies have reported that smokers tend to be less susceptible to Parkinson's disease (PD) and the stimulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is considered to confer a neuroprotective effect. Galantamine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and an allosteric potentiating ligand for nAChRs. However, the effects of galantamine and nicotine(More)