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Impairment of autophagic degradation of the ubiquitin- and LC3-binding protein "p62" leads to the formation of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies. However, little is known about the sorting mechanism of p62 to autophagic degradation. Here we identified a motif of murine p62 consisting of 11 amino acids (Ser334-Ser344) containing conserved acidic and hydrophobic(More)
The mammalian clock genes, Period and Cryptochrome (Cry), regulate circadian rhythm. We show that circadian rhythmicity and rhythmic expression of Period in the nuclei of inflammatory synovial cells and spleen cells are disturbed in mouse models of experimental arthritis. Expressions of other clock genes, Bmal1 and Dbp, are also disturbed in spleen cells by(More)
A high-isoelectric-point (pI), alkaline endo-1,4-beta-glucanase (Egl-257) of Bacillus circulans KSM-N257 was purified to homogeneity and crystallized. The purified enzyme hydrolyzed carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) with optima of pH 8.5 and 55 degrees C. The molecular mass was 43 kDa, and the pI was pH 9.3. The structural gene contained a single open reading(More)
We investigated the effects of injecting male-derived extracts on congeneric female receptivity in two species of Callosobruchus beetle, C. chinensis and C. maculatus. We also examined the influence of interspecific mating on female remating behaviour in these two species. Male-derived extracts reduced congeneric female receptivity in both species. As(More)
Recently, there has been increasing interest in treating intraocular retinoblastoma with systemic chemotherapy combined with focal laser therapy and cryotherapy instead of radiotherapy. We developed a system of selective ophthalmic arterial infusion (SOAI) therapy, administering melphalan, the agent which had the greatest effect on retinoblastoma in a(More)
We have previously found that restoration of tumor suppressive microRNA-1 (miR-1), induced cell apoptosis in bladder cancer (BC) cell lines. However, the apoptosis mechanism induced by miR-1 was not fully elucidated. Alternative splicing of mRNA precursors provides cancer cells with opportunities to translate many oncogenic protein variants, which promote(More)
Eukaryotic 20S proteasomes are composed of two alpha-rings and two beta-rings, which form an alphabetabetaalpha stacked structure. Here we describe a proteasome-specific chaperone complex, designated Dmp1-Dmp2, in budding yeast. Dmp1-Dmp2 directly bound to the alpha5 subunit to facilitate alpha-ring formation. In Deltadmp1 cells, alpha-rings lacking alpha4(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate wall discontinuity, as observed using 64-slice multidetector-row computed tomography (64-MDCT), as a direct finding (DF) indicating the perforation site in patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract perforations. METHODS We retrospectively studied 41 consecutive patients presenting with acute abdomen and exhibiting extraluminal air(More)
Weapons used in male fighting can be costly to males and are often reported to trade off with other characters such as wings or spermatogenic investment. This study investigated whether increased investment into weapons can generate evolutionary changes in mating strategy for armed males. Male flour beetles, Gnatocerus cornutus, have enlarged mandibles that(More)
The human apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3, referred to as A3) proteins are cellular cytidine deaminases that potently restrict retrovirus replication. However, HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif) counteracts the antiviral activity of most A3 proteins by targeting them for proteasomal degradation. To date, the(More)