Takashi Yada

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Somatolactin (SL) in fish belongs to the growth hormone/prolactin family. Its ortholog in tetrapods has not been identified and its function(s) remains largely unknown. The SL-deficient mutant of medaka (color interfere, ci) and an SL receptor (SLR) recently identified in salmon provide a fascinating field for investigating SL's function(s) in vivo. Here we(More)
Prolactin (PRL) is an important hormone for freshwater adaptation in many teleost species. In some euryhaline fishes, growth hormone (GH) and cortisol are involved in seawater adaptation by stimulating ion extrusion. When channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) were transferred from fresh water to dilute seawater (300-400 mOsm), their plasma osmolality was(More)
Studies were undertaken to determine whether the adaptation of the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, to different salinities was accompanied by changes in plasma levels of growth hormone (GH) and its two prolactins (tPRL177 and tPRL188). Transfer from fresh water to 70% seawater (22 ppt) produced significant increases in plasma GH levels in males, but not(More)
When the pituitary of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was incubated in a serum-free medium, a high level of growth hormone release as well as an activation of growth hormone synthesis were observed, suggesting the existence of hypothalamic inhibitory factor(s) on growth hormone synthesis. Although an inhibitory effect of somatostatin on growth hormone(More)
To clarify the roles of prolactin (PRL) and GH in the control of the immune system, the effects of environmental salinity, hypophysectomy, and PRL and GH administration on several immune functions were examined in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Transfer from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW) did not alter plasma levels of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and(More)
The influence of acclimation to seawater (SW) and growth hormone (GH) administration on immune functions was examined in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). After 3 days acclimation to dilute SW (12 parts per thousand, ppt), an increase in plasma lysozyme activity was observed compared to the fish kept in fresh water (FW). No change was seen in plasma(More)
Influence of environmental salinity on expression of distinct corticosteroid receptor (CR) genes, glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-1 and -2, and mineralcorticoid receptor (MR), was examined in osmoregulatory and hemopoietic organs and leucocytes of steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). There was no significant difference in plasma cortisol levels between(More)
Acid rain induces the acidification of inland waters which results in damage to aquatic ecosystems that contain fish. In northern Europe and America, where damage by acid rain has been manifested, many populations of fishes have vanished. At present, rapidly expanding industrial activities in Asia have led to a continuous increase in emissions of acidic(More)
The gene expression and intracellular localization of somatolactin (SL), a putative pituitary hormone structurally related to both growth hormone and prolactin, were investigated in the pituitary of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Using an in situ hybridization technique, we demonstrated the gene expression of the SL molecule in cells bordering the(More)
The trout pituitary continuously released a large amount of GH for over a week in serum-free culture, but PRL secretion declined by day 2 in culture. The total amount of GH released during the 8 days exceeded the initial content. The pituitary content of PRL remained unchanged after 8 days of culture. The number of weakly stained GH-immunoreactive (ir)(More)