Takashi Wakabayashi

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Leflunomide (LFM) is an inhibitor of mitochondrial enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) that catalyzes the conversion of dihydroorotate to orotate coupled with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from mitochondria. We demonstrate here that LFM causes an unrestrained proliferation of mitochondria both in human osteosarcoma cell line 143B(More)
There is growing evidence of mitochondrial membrane raft-like microdomains that are involved in the apoptotic pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MβCD), being a well-known lipid microdomain disrupting agent and cholesterol chelator, on the structure and bioenergetics of rat liver mitochondria (RLM). We(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a crucial role in cell types that exhibit necrosis-like death after activation of their death program. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) induces abnormal, perinuclear clustering of mitochondria from an evenly spread distribution throughout the cytoplasm. The mitochondria withdraw from the cell periphery and aggregate in a unipolar(More)
The silica deficiency hypothesis holds that increases of still waters caused by hydraulic alterations and high nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) discharges enhance the growth of freshwater diatoms, which take up the dissolved silicate (DSi) supplied by natural weathering. The consequent decrease in the DSi supply to the sea is advantageous to flagellates(More)
Characterization of free radical-induced cell injury processes of placenta cells is of vital importance for clinical medicine for the maintenance of intrauterine fetal life. The present study has analyzed cell injury processes in cells of the choriocarcinoma cell line JAR treated with menadione, an anticancer drug, and H(2)O(2) in comparison to osteosarcoma(More)
The particle dispersibility of barium ferrite and iron oxide magnetic particles in carrageenan gels was investigated, and the influence of the dispersibility on the giant reduction in the dynamic modulus of the gels was discussed. The gels containing barium ferrite demonstrated giant reductions in the storage Young's modulus on the order of 10 (5) Pa due to(More)
In the present study we have shown that quinolinic aromatic aminoxyls are very efficient in protecting lipids of endoplasmic reticulum membranes against hydroperoxide-induced oxidation. The efficacy of these aminoxyls as protectors of lipids was much higher than the water-soluble 4-OH-TEMPO. We have also shown that QAL causes distinct changes of the(More)
Glutaric aciduria type II (GAII) is a rare inborn error of metabolism clinically classified into a neonatal-onset form with congenital anomalies, a neonatal-onset form without congenital anomalies and a mild and/or late-onset form (MIM #231680). Here, we report on a GAII patient carrying a homozygous novel c.143_145delAGG (p.Glu48del) mutation in the ETFB(More)
Time-dependent ultrastructural changes of menadione-treated human osteosarcoma 143B cells were correlated with those in their stainability to Annexin V and propidium iodide (PI). Populations of both apoptotic (Annexin V(+)/PI(-)) and necrotic (Annexin V(+)/PI(+)) cells, judged by flow cytometry, began to increase at 2 h after menadione treatment. The former(More)
Effects of jasplakinolide (JSP), a stabilizer of F-actin, and latrunculin A (LTA), a destabilizer of F-actin, on a series of events occurring in the execution phase of staurosporine (STS)-induced apoptotic processes were studied using human osteosarcoma 143B cells. Time-dependent apparent increases of the population of cells with collapsed membrane(More)