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OBJECTIVE In this study, locally advanced bladder cancer was treated by radiation combined with cisplatin therapy and a retrospective analysis was conducted to predict the clinical response to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) based on the immunohistochemistry of apoptosis-related proteins. METHODS Sixty-two patients (median age, 68 years; range, 45-89 years) with(More)
Mutations in the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetyl-mannosamine kinase, result in distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV)/hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) in humans. Sialic acid is an acidic monosaccharide that modifies non-reducing terminal carbohydrate chains on glycoproteins and glycolipids,(More)
Examined were CCR2-deficient mice to clarify the contribution of macrophages via monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1 or CCL2)/CCR2 signaling to the pathogenesis of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Also evaluated was the therapeutic effects via the inhibition of MCP-1/CCR2 signaling with propagermanium (3-oxygermylpropionic acid polymer) and(More)
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a major clinical manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although numerous abnormalities of immune system have been proposed, cytokine overexpression plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of LN. In the initial phase of the disease, the immune deposits and/or autoantibodies induce cytokine production in renal(More)
INTRODUCTION Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related aortitis/periaortitis and periarteritis are vascular manifestations of IgG4-related disease. In this disease, the affected aneurysmal lesion has been suspected to be at risk of rupture. In this study, we aimed to clarify the clinical course after corticosteroid therapy in IgG4-related aortitis/periaortitis and(More)
BACKGROUND Various types of chemokines/cytokines play important roles in ischaemia/reperfusion injury in kidneys. However, the roles of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the inflammatory processes of renal ischaemia/reperfusion injury remain to be investigated. We explored the effect of FR167653, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, on renal(More)
Two species of apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea maculata (formerly Pomacea insularum), have invaded many countries of East and Southeast Asia from their native range in South America. This study investigated the genetic structure of the two species invading these areas. Phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of the nuclear gene elongation(More)
INTRODUCTION We investigated the clinical and serological features of patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) in Japan using data from a nationwide, prospective, inception cohort study. METHODS In total, 156 Japanese patients with newly diagnosed AAV were classified according to the European Medicines Agency(More)
The Joint Committee on Diabetic Nephropathy has revised its Classification of Diabetic Nephropathy (Classification of Diabetic Nephropathy 2014) in line with the widespread use of key concepts, such as the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). In revising the Classification, the Committee carefully evaluated, as(More)