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OBJECTIVE In this study, locally advanced bladder cancer was treated by radiation combined with cisplatin therapy and a retrospective analysis was conducted to predict the clinical response to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) based on the immunohistochemistry of apoptosis-related proteins. METHODS Sixty-two patients (median age, 68 years; range, 45-89 years) with(More)
Mutations in the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetyl-mannosamine kinase, result in distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV)/hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) in humans. Sialic acid is an acidic monosaccharide that modifies non-reducing terminal carbohydrate chains on glycoproteins and glycolipids,(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates the crucial contribution of chronic inflammation to various types of carcinogenesis, including colon carcinoma associated with ulcerative colitis and asbestosis-induced malignant mesothelioma. Ulcerative colitis-associated colon carcinogenesis can be recapitulated in mice by azoxymethane administration followed by repetitive(More)
Examined were CCR2-deficient mice to clarify the contribution of macrophages via monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1 or CCL2)/CCR2 signaling to the pathogenesis of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Also evaluated was the therapeutic effects via the inhibition of MCP-1/CCR2 signaling with propagermanium (3-oxygermylpropionic acid polymer) and(More)
Purpose: 9p21 is a major target in the pathogenesis of human urinary bladder cancer. The locus harbors the CDKN2A/ARF tumor suppressor gene, which encodes two cell cycle regulatory proteins cyclin dependent kinase 2A (p16 INK4a) and alternate reading frame (p14 ARF). We have designed a real-time quantitative PCR (QPCR) application to study homozygous(More)
To quantitatively and noninvasively evaluate common carotid atherosclerosis in a series of patients, we measured the stiffness parameter p, which represents the mechanical properties of the vessel. /3 was calculated from the relationship between blood pressure and the diameter of the artery as measured by an ultrasonic, phase-locked, echo-tracking system.(More)
Tubular damage following ischemic renal injury is often reversible, and tubular epithelial cell (TEC) proliferation is a hallmark of tubular repair. Macrophages have been implicated in tissue repair, and CSF-1, the principal macrophage growth factor, is expressed by TECs. We therefore tested the hypothesis that CSF-1 is central to tubular repair using an(More)
BACKGROUND Various types of chemokines/cytokines play important roles in ischaemia/reperfusion injury in kidneys. However, the roles of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the inflammatory processes of renal ischaemia/reperfusion injury remain to be investigated. We explored the effect of FR167653, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, on renal(More)
The presence of chronic kidney disease in humans is associated with a risk of kidney function loss as well as the development of cardiovascular disease. Fibrocytes have been shown to contribute to organ fibrosis. In this study, the presence of fibrocytes was investigated immunohistochemically in kidney biopsy specimens from 100 patients with chronic kidney(More)