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The recent prevalence of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy has resulted in a marked increase in the number of patients with papillary microcarcinoma (maximum diameter, </= 10 mm) of the thyroid detected by this sophisticated tool. On the other hand, it is debatable whether patients with papillary microcarcinoma should always undergo surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Radioiodine ablation after total thyroidectomy is the generally accepted treatment for patients with widely invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). The therapeutic strategy for minimally invasive FTC, on the other hand, is still a matter of controversy. The histological diagnosis of minimally invasive FTC is often made after lobectomy. The(More)
Although fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a useful tool for diagnosing thyroid carcinoma, there are some risks of complications. In this study, we investigated tumor implantation by FNAB of papillary carcinoma. We compared the characteristics of the main tumors and implanted tumors of patients showing FNAB implantations. Between 1990 and 2002, 4912(More)
The cribriform-morular variant (CMV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare histologic subtype of PTC that shows a combination of growth patterns including cribriform and spindle cell areas. The thyroid cancer with this unique histology was originally reported in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although it was later found in(More)
Extrathyroid extension has been recognized as a prognostic factor in papillary thyroid carcinoma. In the most recent version of the UICC TNM classification system, extrathyroid extension has been classified into two grades, minimal extension (extension to sternothyroid muscle or perithyroid soft tissues) and massive extension (extension to subcutaneous soft(More)
The recent prevalence of ultrasonography has made it easier to detect lymph node metastasis in the lateral compartment of patients with thyroid carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the prognostic impact of lateral node metastasis preoperatively detectable by ultrasonography (US) and metastasis diagnosed by pathology examination but not detected on(More)
We previously demonstrated that for papillary microcarcinoma (PMC), (1) patients with lateral lymph node metastasis detected on preoperative ultrasonography (US) are more likely to develop recurrence, and (2) dissection of the lateral compartment does not improve the prognosis of patients without US-detectable lateral metastasis. In this study, we focused(More)
We previously demonstrated that (1) most papillary microcarcinomas can be followed without surgical treatment and (2) when surgery is performed, patients with lateral lymph node metastasis detected on preoperative ultrasonography (US) are more likely to develop recurrence. In this study, we further investigated the application of these strategies. To date,(More)
The diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid cancer is an important factor when deciding to perform neck dissection at the initial surgery, as well as for evaluating the lymph node swelling after surgery. Ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy cytology (FNAB-C) is the most useful technique for diagnosing lymph node(More)
Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy after thyroidectomy, although infrequently encountered, can decrease quality of life. In addition to the hoarseness that occurs with unilateral RLN palsy, bilateral RLN palsy leads to dyspnea and often to life-threatening glottal obstruction. Therefore, intraoperative awareness of the nerve’s status is of great(More)