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Heparanase plays a critical role in the degradation of extracellular matrix and cell membrane and is frequently upregulated in malignant tumors. Transcription factor, early growth response 1 (EGR1), is closely associated with inducible transcription of the heparanase gene. We hypothesized that promoter CpG hypomethylation with increased EGR1 expression(More)
PURPOSE Cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1), a dioxin inducible member of the CYP supergene family, is overexpressed in various human malignancies including prostate cancer. We hypothesized that promoter/enhancer CpG methylation contributes to the regulation of CYP1B1 expression in human prostate tissue. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression and induction of the CYP1B1(More)
The partial agonist effect of antiandrogens has been well documented, and such effect is amplified by derived mutant androgen receptors (ARs) in prostate cancer cells. Here we report the identification of gelsolin (GSN) as an AR-associated protein. Hydroxyflutamide (HF), as well as androgens, can promote the interaction between AR and GSN in a(More)
BACKGROUND Dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, has clinical benefit in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC), but the mechanisms responsible for its effects are unknown. The nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-dependent cytokine interleukin (IL) 6 (IL-6) is thought to stimulate growth of HRPC. Because dexamethasone interferes with(More)
PURPOSE Aberrant activation of the Wingless-type (Wnt) pathway plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of several human cancers. Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (Wif-1) was identified as one of the secreted antagonists that can bind Wnt protein. We hypothesize that Wif-1 plays an important role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To test this(More)
Deficiency in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) is frequently involved in various cancers. The hMSH3 gene is one of the human MMR genes whose role in bladder cancer is not known. We hypothesized that down-regulation of the hMSH3 gene might be involved in bladder cancer. In this study we analyzed this gene with regard to frame-shift mutation, single nucleotide(More)
The present study was undertaken to test the effects of prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP, DU145, PC3, and MDA PCa 2b) on osteoclastogenesis. Crude conditioned medium (CM) from all four prostate cancer cell lines enhanced expression of the mRNA for receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) in a mouse osteoblast cell line, MC3T3-E1; however, CM had no(More)
Various carcinogenic metabolites, including catechol estrogens, play a role in malignant transformation. An enzyme that is capable of neutralizing the genotoxic effects of these compounds is catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). A variant form of this enzyme has been shown to reduce its activity by up to 4-fold; thus, we hypothesize that single nucleotide(More)
We hypothesized that the administration of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic Tempol (4-hydroxy-2, 2, 6, 6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl) may reverse diabetes-induced erectile dysfunction. To test this hypothesis, reactive oxygen species-related genes (SOD1, SOD2, GP x 1, CAT, NOS2, NOS3) were tested, erectile functional studies and immunohistochemical(More)