Takashi Todo

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There has been general acceptance that only one type of androgen receptor (AR) exists in an individual. This contrasts with other members of the nuclear receptor superfamily where multiple forms have been reported (e.g. estrogen receptor alpha/beta, thyroid hormone receptor alpha/beta, etc.). We have previously identified 11-ketotestosterone (a potent(More)
In this work, we examined the functions of the female hormone "estrogen" on spermatogenesis of the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica). Estradiol-17beta (E(2)), a natural estrogen in vertebrates, was present in the serum and its receptor was expressed in the testis during the whole process of spermatogenesis. Spermatogonial stem cell renewal was promoted by(More)
In salmonid fish, 20beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20beta-HSD) is a key enzyme involved in the production of oocyte maturation-inducing hormone (MIH), 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one. Here we report the isolation of two cDNAs which encode proteins with high homology to carbonyl reductase-like 20beta-HSD (CR/20beta-HSD) from rainbow trout(More)
Complementary DNA-encoding proteins with high homology to steroidogenic acute regulatory proteins (StAR) of mammals were cloned from rainbow trout head kidney and a mixture of several brook trout tissues. A cDNA encoding an MLN64 homolog was also cloned from brook trout. The C-terminal domains of rainbow trout StAR and brook trout StAR were very highly(More)
We have previously identified 11-ketotestosterone (11KT, a portent androgen in teleosts) as the spermatogenesis-inducing hormone of the Japanese eel. In this study, a cDNA encoding the eel androgen receptor (AR) was isolated from the Japanese eel testis. This cDNA contains a complete open reading frame encoding 848 amino residues. The amino acid sequence of(More)
A cDNA encoding a second type of a progestogen receptor (ePR2) was isolated from the same library as we had previously cloned a functional PR (ePR1) in eel testis. The amino acid sequence of the ePR2 shows low homology with ePR1 (34%), but both PRs showed progestogen-dependent transactivation in transfection experiment. Tissue distribution of ePR2 mRNA was(More)
Cytochrome P450 1b-hydroxylase (P45011b) is an important steroidogenic enzyme for glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid production in vertebrates. In teleosts, P45011b also plays a role in the production of 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT), the predominant androgen in male fish. In this study, we cloned a cDNA encoding rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)(More)
As a first step in investigating the mechanism underlying the steroidogenic shift from the production of ovarian androgens (vitellogenic stage) to that of 17alpha-hydroxylated progestins (maturational stage) in Japanese eel during induced oogenesis, a cDNA encoding Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) ovarian P450c17 (CYP17: steroid 17alpha-hydroxylase/C(17-20)(More)
17alpha,20beta-Dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one is the major oocyte maturation-inducing hormone of several teleost species. Gonadotropin-induced increase in ovarian 20beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity is essential for the synthesis of maturation-inducing hormone. Cloning and expression studies suggest that ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) ovarian carbonyl(More)
A cDNA encoding a nuclear 17alpha,20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17alpha,20beta-DP, spermiation-inducing hormone in fish) receptor (DPR) was, for the first time, isolated from an eel testis cDNA library. The amino acid sequence of DPR shows high homology with those of human and chicken progesterone receptors. The affinity of the bacterial recombinant DPR(More)