Takashi Tayama

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Condensed systems of strongly interacting electrons are ideal for the study of quantum complexity. It has become possible to promote the formation of new quantum phases by explicitly tuning systems toward special low-temperature quantum critical points. So far, the clearest examples have been appearances of superconductivity near pressure-tuned(More)
We report low-temperature calorimetric, magnetic, and resistivity measurements on the antiferromagnetic (AF) heavy-fermion metal YbRh(2)Si(2) ( T(N)=70 mK) as a function of magnetic field B. While for fields exceeding the critical value B(c0) at which T(N)-->0 the low-temperature resistivity shows an AT2 dependence, a 1/(B-B(c0)) divergence of A(B) upon(More)
Spin liquids are magnetically frustrated systems, in which spins are prevented from ordering or freezing, owing to quantum or thermal fluctuations among degenerate states induced by the frustration. Chiral spin liquids are a hypothetical class of spin liquids in which the time-reversal symmetry is macroscopically broken in the absence of an applied magnetic(More)
Low temperature magnetization measurements on the pyrochlore spin ice compound Dy2Ti2O7 reveal that the ice-rule breaking spin flip, appearing at H approximately 0.9 T applied parallel to the [111] direction, turns into a novel first-order transition for T<0.36 K which is most probably of a liquid-gas type. T-linear variation of the critical field observed(More)
We have investigated the Hall effect in the geometrically frustrated Kondo lattice Pr2Ir2O7. In its spin-liquid-like paramagnetic regime, the Hall resistivity rho(xy) is found to increase logarithmically on cooling. Moreover, in this low temperature region, the field dependence of the Hall conductivity sigma(xy) shows a large enhancement up to 30 Omega(-1)(More)
Strongly frustrated magnetism of the metallic pyrochlore oxide Pr2Ir2O7 has been revealed by single crystal study. While Pr 4f moments have an antiferromagnetic RKKY interaction energy scale of /T*/ = 20 K mediated by Ir 5d-conduction electrons, no magnetic long-range order is found except for partial spin freezing at 120 mK. Instead, the Kondo effect,(More)
To identify the superconducting gap structure in URu2Si2, we perform field-angle-dependent specific heat measurements for the two principal orientations in addition to field rotations, and a theoretical analysis based on microscopic calculations. The Sommerfeld coefficient gamma(H)'s in the mixed state exhibit a distinctly different field dependence. This(More)
The anisotropic Hall effect and magnetization have been investigated for single crystals of Nd2Mo2O7 under high magnetic fields up to 27 T and at low temperatures down to 50 mK. The magnetization curves indicate that the Nd moments with strong Ising anisotropy are coupled antiferromagnetically with the Mo spins and show field-induced flipping on the(More)
Magnetic, transport, thermal, and crystallographic properties are reported for single crystals of CeRhSn crystallizing in the hexagonal ZrNiAl-type structure. We found high anisotropy in both electrical resistivity (ra'5rc at 70 K! and magnetic susceptibility (xc'10xa at 0.4 K!, which is atypical for a valence-fluctuating Ce compound. At low temperatures,(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of spatial attributes of stimuli upon the estimation of duration time. Using magnitude estimation method, three tasks were imposed on seven undergraduate students. C (control) task was to estimate the duration of a static small circle, MF (moving-free) task was that of a moving pattern of randomly(More)