Takashi Tanimura

Learn More
A collaborative study was conducted by 30 laboratories that participated in the Behavioral Teratology Meeting in Japan. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats from four breeders were orally administrated 200 mg/kg of phenytoin each day from day 10 to day 14 of gestation. The offspring were tested for behavioral teratogenic effects at various ages. The effects were(More)
This report shows by light microscopy the appearance of secondary neurulation separated from primary neurulation and its developmental fate in the spinal cord of mice exposed to retinoic acid in utero. The embryos and fetuses were derived from pregnant mice (ICR strain) given 60, 40, or 0 mg/kg of retinoic acid in olive oil on day 8 of gestation orally and(More)
The distribution of biogenic amines, their precursors, and metabolites in the central nervous system (CNS) of the cricket was determined using HPLC with electrochemical detection. Three biogenic amines, octopamine (OA), dopamine (DA), and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT); two precursors, tyramine and tryptophan; and two metabolites, synephrine and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Rikkunshito (TJ-43), an herbal medicine, has been demonstrated to relieve gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. However, the effects of TJ-43 on esophageal motor functions have not been fully determined. This double-blind crossover study was performed to investigate the effects of TJ-43 on esophageal motor functions and gastroesophageal reflux.(More)
Four early human embryos with open myeloschisis are reported. These are a thoracolumbar myeloschisis in Carnegie developmental stage 12, a cervical myeloschisis in stage 13, and two lumbosacral myeloschisis in stage 14. All of them are the smallest human embryos with this type of malformation ever reported. In these embryos, the neuroectodermal junction is(More)
All-trans-retinoic acid induced 2 types of disorganized neuroepithelium, localized and continuous, in the exencephaly of 9-day-old mouse embryos exposed to 60 or 40 mg/kg for 27 to 30 hr in utero. The localized effect appeared as a protuberance in the wall of the telencephalon and thick neural folds in the mesencephalon with the discontinuity of the apical(More)
A collaborative study was conducted by researchers from 18 laboratories that participated in the Behavioral Teratology Meeting in Japan. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats from four breeders received subcutaneous injections of nicotine (6 mg/kg body weight) from day 7 to day 20 of gestation. Results of preweaning tests were closely related to length of gestation,(More)
The effects of neonatal vitamin A exposure on six behavioral parameters in adult Wistar rats were investigated. Newborn male rats were injected intraperitoneally with 80,000 IU/kg/day of retinol palmitate (vitamin A) dissolved in physiological saline or vehicle alone (controls) during 1-5 days after birth. The animals were examined using the open field test(More)
PURPOSE Few reports have compared the clinical efficacy of a pH-dependent release formulation of mesalazine (pH-5-ASA) with a time-dependent release formulation (time-5-ASA). We examined whether pH-5-ASA is effective for active ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients resistant to time-5-ASA. METHODS We retrospectively and prospectively analyzed the efficacy(More)