Takashi Tani

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Tau is the pathological protein in several neurodegenerative disorders classified as frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), including corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). We report an unusual tauopathy in three Japanese patients presenting with Parkinsonism and motor neuron disease (neuroimaging revealed(More)
In this study, we examined the possible involvement of progenitor cells in the carcinogenesis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using tissue specimens and cell lines. We used ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2 as a progenitor cell marker. Immunohistochemically, ABCG2(+) hepatocytes were observed in the periportal areas of the dysplastic nodule,(More)
OBJECTIVES Although extrapancreatic nerve plexus (PLX) invasion is an important prognostic factor in pancreatic carcinoma, the spreading patterns of carcinoma via PLX have not been carefully explored because of the complex anatomical structures around the pancreas. METHODS Fifty-eight patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for carcinoma of the head of(More)
Recent evidence suggests that a certain type of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is hierarchically organized by a subset of cells with stem cell features (cancer stem cells; CSC). Although normal stem cells and CSCs are considered to share similar self-renewal programs, it remains unclear whether differentiation programs are also maintained in CSCs and(More)
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is characterized as a highly fatal tumor with poor prognosis because of its strong progression, early invasion, widespread metastasis and rich cancerous stroma. Although it is widely accepted that fibroblasts facilitate stromal fibrosis and tumor progression, the mechanisms of the interaction between cancer cells and(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of gastric cancer with para-aortic lymph node (PAN) metastasis is poor. We applied triple combination chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1 (DCS therapy) as pre-operative chemotherapy and investigated the outcome of the combination of this therapy and gastrectomy with para-aortic lymph node dissection (PAND). METHODS We(More)
The present study was conducted on 78 patients, encountered over a 7-year period, who had a catheter-feeding jejunostomy placed at the time of thoracoabdominal esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. A broad-based attachment of the jejunal wall to the peritoneum at the place of entry of the catheter was used. Enteral nutrition was begun an average of 10 days(More)
In primary malignant liver tumors, trypsinogen-immunoreactivity was present in 70% of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) specimens, but absent in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) specimens. We suggest the secretion of trypsinogen to be a key difference in biological behavior between ICC and HCC cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
Focusing on CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T lymphocytes (T(reg)), we studied the gene expression of T(reg) functional molecules in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS), including Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and anti-Hu- or anti-Yo-antibody-positive PNS.(More)
In patients with carcinoma of the head of the pancreas with positive lymph nodes, the extent of an adequate lymph node dissection beyond peripancreatic area has remained controversial. Based on the two anlagens, the ventral or dorsal pancreas, we assessed the lymphatic spread pattern in 58 primary adenocarcinoma of head of the pancreas. Detection of lymph(More)