Takashi Tadokoro

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The prokaryotic genomes, for which complete nucleotide sequences are available, always contain at least one RNase H gene, indicating that RNase H is ubiquitous in all prokaryotic cells. Coupled with its unique substrate specificity, the enzyme has been expected to play crucial roles in the biochemical processes associated with DNA replication, gene(More)
A goal of protein engineering technology is developing methods to increase protein stability. However, rational design of stable proteins is difficult because the stabilization mechanism of proteins is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the structural dependence of protein stabilization by introducing single amino acid substitution into(More)
Ribonuclease HII from hyperthermophile Thermococcus kodakaraensis (Tk-RNase HII) is a kinetically robust monomeric protein. The conformational stability and folding kinetics of Tk-RNase HII were measured for nine mutant proteins in which a buried larger hydrophobic side chain is replaced by a smaller one (Leu/Ile to Ala). The mutant proteins were(More)
A combination of five thermostabilizing mutations, Gly23-->Ala, His62-->Pro, Val74-->Leu, Lys95-->Gly, and Asp134-->His, has been shown to additively enhance the thermostability of Escherichia coli RNase HI [Akasako A, Haruki M, Oobatake M & Kanaya S (1995) Biochemistry34, 8115-8122]. In this study, we determined the crystal structure of the protein with(More)
Ribonuclease HII from hyperthermophile Thermococcus kodakaraensis (Tk-RNase HII) is a robust monomeric protein under kinetic control, which possesses some proline residues at the N-terminal of alpha-helices. Proline residue at the N-terminal of an alpha-helix is thought to stabilize a protein. In this work, the thermostability and folding kinetics of(More)
The gene encoding RNase HII from the psychrotrophic bacterium, Shewanella sp. SIB1 was cloned, overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant protein was purified and biochemically characterized. SIB1 RNase HII is a monomeric protein with 212 amino acid residues and shows an amino acid sequence identity of 64% to E. coli RNase HII. The enzymatic(More)
Ribonuclease H3 from Bacillus stearothermophilus (Bst-RNase H3) has the N-terminal TBP-like substrate-binding domain. To identify the substrate binding site in this domain, the mutant proteins of the intact protein and isolated N-domain, in which six of the seventeen residues corresponding to those involved in DNA binding of TBP are individually mutated to(More)
Ribonuclease (RNase) HI from the psychrotrophic bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 was overproduced in Escherichia coli, purified, and structurally and biochemically characterized. The amino acid sequence of MR-1 RNase HI is 67% identical to that of E. coli RNase HI. The crystal structure of MR-1 RNase HI determined at 2.0 A resolution was highly similar(More)
FKBP22 from the psychotropic bacterium Shewanella sp. SIB1 is a homodimeric protein with peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) activity. According to a tertiary model, several nonpolar residues including Trp157 and Phe197 form a substrate-binding cavity, and Asp137 and Arg142, which form a salt bridge, are located at the edge of this cavity. To(More)
Ribonuclease HI from the psychrotrophic bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (So-RNase HI) is much less stable than Escherichia coli RNase HI (Ec-RNase HI) by 22.4 degrees C in T m and 12.5 kJ mol (-1) in Delta G(H 2O), despite their high degrees of structural and functional similarity. To examine whether the stability of So-RNase HI increases to a level(More)