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Compact solid-state sources of terahertz (THz) radiation are being sought for sensing, imaging, and spectroscopy applications across the physical and biological sciences. We demonstrate that coherent continuous-wave THz radiation of sizable power can be extracted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in the layered high-temperature superconductor(More)
In a suspension of solid-state culture of Aspergillus sp. S1-13 containing a lactic acid-treated crab shell as the substrate, the saccharification of chitin in the shell proceeded to form N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc): the culture was the source of chitin and chitinases. The analysis of chitinases in the water-extract of the solid-state culture indicated(More)
Glutaminase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia NYW-81 was purified to homogeneity with a final specific activity of 325 U/mg. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was estimated to be 41 kDa by gel filtration. A subunit molecular mass of 36 kDa was measured with SDS-PAGE, thus indicating that the native enzyme is a monomer. The N-terminal amino acid(More)
The utilization of shrimp shellfish waste as a substrate for solid-state cultivation of a filamentous fungus, Aspergillus sp. S1-13, was investigated. The organism was selected from among 220 isolates based on the productivity of its chitinolytic enzyme (chitinase), which might reflect microbial growth. The enzyme was produced only when the organism was(More)
Oligosaccharides derived from cell wall of fungal pathogens induce host primary immune responses. To understand fungal strategies circumventing the host plant immune responses, cell wall polysaccharide localization was investigated using fluorescent labels during infectious structure differentiation in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea.(More)
Two salt-tolerant bacteria were isolated from soil samples to treat a high-salt-content wastewater from a pickled plum production plant. The strains, which were identified as Staphylococcus sp. and Bacillus cereus, grew well in a medium containing 0 to 15% NaCl. When wastewater in a flask was treated with the strains for 72 h, the COD removal was about 70%,(More)
KA-prep, a culture filtrate of Bacillus circulans KA-304 grown on a cell-wall preparation (CWP) of Schizophyllum commune, has been reported to have an activity to form protoplasts from S. commune mycelia. The SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoreses described here demonstrated that a specific proteinous component (molecular weight: 150,000) occurred in(More)
A culture filtrate of Bacillus circulans KA-304 grown on a cell-wall preparation of Schizophyllum commune has an activity to form protoplasts from S. commune mycelia, and a combination of alpha-1,3-glucanase and chitinase I, which were isolated from the filtrate, brings about the protoplast-forming activity. The gene of alpha-1,3-glucanase was cloned from(More)
Arginine-alpha-ketoglutarate transaminase was purified 460-fold with 1.4% yield from Arthrobacter simplex grown on arginine as a carbon source. The preparation was more than 90% pure on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and the molecular weight of the enzyme was calculated to be 110 000. The enzyme exhibited absorption maxima at 280, 330 and 370 nm. The(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) of Pseudomonas taetrolens Y-30 can form theanine from glutamic acid and ethylamine in a mixture where yeast fermentation of sugar is coupled for ATP regeneration (coupled fermentation with energy transfer). From a genomic DNA library of P. taetrolens Y-30, a clone containing 6 kbp insertional DNA fragment was selected by the PCR(More)