Takashi Tachiki

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Oligosaccharides derived from cell wall of fungal pathogens induce host primary immune responses. To understand fungal strategies circumventing the host plant immune responses, cell wall polysaccharide localization was investigated using fluorescent labels during infectious structure differentiation in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea.(More)
Theanine was formed from glutamic acid and ethylamine by coupling the reaction of glutamine synthetase (GS) of Pseudomonas taetrolens Y-30 with sugar fermentation of baker's yeast cells as an ATP-regeneration system. Theanine formation was stimulated by the addition of Mn2+ to the mixture for the coupling. The addition of Mg2+ was less effective. In a(More)
In a mixture containing γ-glutamyl donor (donor) and γ-glutamyl acceptor (acceptor), the glutaminase of Pseudomonas nitroreducens IFO 12694 simultaneously catalyzed a γ-glutamyl transfer reaction and hydrolysis of the donor. The variation of the activities responding to the concentration of glutathione and glycylglycine indicated that the enzyme might be(More)
The utilization of shrimp shellfish waste as a substrate for solid-state cultivation of a filamentous fungus, Aspergillus sp. S1-13, was investigated. The organism was selected from among 220 isolates based on the productivity of its chitinolytic enzyme (chitinase), which might reflect microbial growth. The enzyme was produced only when the organism was(More)
In a suspension of solid-state culture of Aspergillus sp. S1-13 containing a lactic acid-treated crab shell as the substrate, the saccharification of chitin in the shell proceeded to form N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc): the culture was the source of chitin and chitinases. The analysis of chitinases in the water-extract of the solid-state culture indicated(More)
Glutamine production with bacterial glutamine synthetase (GS) and the sugar-fermenting system of baker's yeast for ATP regeneration was investigated by determining the product yield obtained with the energy source for ATP regeneration (i.e., glucose) for yeast fermentation. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate was accumulated temporarily prior to the formation of(More)
Saccharification of chitin was performed in a suspension (mash) of a solid-state culture of chitinase-producing Aspergillus sp. Sl-13 with acid-treated shellfish waste as a substrate. The conditions for the saccharifying reaction and the solid-state cultivation were examined from the viewpoint of saccharification in the mash. Optimum cultivation conditions(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) of Pseudomonas taetrolens Y-30 can form theanine from glutamic acid and ethylamine in a mixture where yeast fermentation of sugar is coupled for ATP regeneration (coupled fermentation with energy transfer). From a genomic DNA library of P. taetrolens Y-30, a clone containing 6 kbp insertional DNA fragment was selected by the PCR(More)
Compact solid-state sources of terahertz (THz) radiation are being sought for sensing, imaging, and spectroscopy applications across the physical and biological sciences. We demonstrate that coherent continuous-wave THz radiation of sizable power can be extracted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in the layered high-temperature superconductor(More)
Concentrated cell-extract of Pseudomonas taetrolens Y-30, isolated as a methylamine-assimilating organism, formed gamma-glutamylethylamide (theanine) from glutamic acid and ethylamine in a mixture containing the alcoholic fermentation system of baker's yeast for ATP-regeneration. Glutamine synthetase (GS), probably responsible for theanine formation, was(More)