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We have obtained, for the first time, a quantitative protein expression profile of membrane transporters and receptors in human brain microvessels, that is, the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Brain microvessels were isolated from brain cortexes of seven males (16-77 years old) and protein expression of 114 membrane proteins was determined by means of a liquid(More)
H5N1 influenza A viruses have spread to numerous countries in Asia, Europe and Africa, infecting not only large numbers of poultry, but also an increasing number of humans, often with lethal effects. Human and avian influenza A viruses differ in their recognition of host cell receptors: the former preferentially recognize receptors with saccharides(More)
Services are capabilities that enable applications and are of crucial importance to pervasive computing in next-generation networks. Service Composition is the construction of complex services from primitive ones; thus enabling rapid and flexible creation of new services. The presence of multiple independent service providers poses new and significant(More)
Urocortin 3 (Ucn 3) or stresscopin (SCP) is a new member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neuropeptide family and is a specific ligand for CRF type 2 receptor (CRF2). CRF receptors are known to be expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and are considered to play pathophysiological roles, for example, in gastrointestinal motility under stress.(More)
E. coli preprotein translocase comprises SecA and SecY/E/G complex. SecA delivers the preprotein to the putative protein-conducting channel formed by SecY/E by undergoing ATP-driven cycles of membrane insertion and deinsertion. SecG renders the translocase highly efficient. An antibody raised against the C-terminal region of SecG inhibits preprotein(More)
A serious impediment for seamless roaming between independent wireless LANs (WLANs) is how best to confederate the various WLAN service providers, each having different trust relationships with individuals and each supporting their own authentication schemes which may vary from one provider to the next. We have designed and implemented a comprehensive(More)
CONTEXT Blood vessel stabilization is regulated by angiopoietins and important for angiogenesis in the corpus luteum. OBJECTIVE To study angiogenesis and blood vessel stabilization in the human corpus luteum, changes in expression of angiopoietin (Ang)-1, Ang-2, and their specific receptor, Tie-2, together with the number of blood vessels and pericytes(More)
To understand better which voltage-dependent calcium channels (VGCCs) are involved in nociceptive neurotransmission, we investigated the pharmacological properties and distribution of VGCCs in the mouse spinal cord. A behavioral assay revealed that intrathecal injections of omega-agatoxin TK, omega-agatoxin IVA, omega-conotoxin GVIA, and SNX-482, which(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the expression of Na(+) -dependent multivitamin transporter (SLC5A6/SMVT) and its contribution to the supply of biotin and pantothenic acid to the human brain via the blood-brain barrier. DNA microarray and immunohistochemical analyses confirmed that SLC5A6 is expressed in microvessels of human brain. The absolute(More)
Focal degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) is the first step in the invasion of cancer cells. MT1-MMP is a potent membrane proteinase employed by aggressive cancer cells. In our previous study, we reported that MT1-MMP was preferentially located at membrane protrusions called invadopodia, where MT1-MMP underwent quick turnover. Our computer simulation(More)