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After the sea urchin embryo has developed to a pluteus larva, the adult rudiment (sea urchin rudiment) is formed, with other adult structures, on the left side of the larva and finally the juvenile sea urchin is formed after metamorphosis. We report here that thyroid hormones (THs) are involved in the formation of the adult rudiment and the adult-type(More)
The larva of the sand dollar Peronella japonica lacks a mouth and gut, and undergoes metamorphosis into a juvenile sand dollar without feeding. In the present study, it was found that thyroid hormones accelerate the metamorphosis of P. japonica larvae. The contents of thyroid hormones in larvae increased gradually during development. Thiourea and potassium(More)
The EGIP gene for exogastrula-inducing peptides (EGIPs) of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina, which are structurally related to the epidermal growth factor, is activated at the onset of gastrulation in subdomains of the embryonic ectoderm. We showed in our previous study that the spatial and temporal regulation of EGIP is conducted by the upstream(More)
Exogastrula-inducing peptides (EGIP) of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina are endogenous peptides related to epidermal growth factor (EGF), which induce exogastrulation in the embryo. Recently, a protein(s) from sea urchin embryos that binds to one of the EGIP, EGIP-D (EGIP-D-binding protein, EBP) was purified. The isolation and characterization of(More)
The cDNA for the core protein of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan, syndecan, of embryos of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was cloned and characterized. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used with total ribonucleic acid (RNA) from late gastrula stage embryos and degenerate primers for conserved regions of the core protein,(More)
The presence of sites specifically binding natural glucocortocoids in plasma membrane (PM) preparations (PM0, density=1.13-1.16; PM1, density=1.16-1.18) from rat liver was elucidated by equilibrium dialysis as well as by centrifugal methods. Equilibrium dialysis showed the presence of binding sites having a higher affinity for [3-H]cortisol (Kd=1.4 times(More)
In order to know the function of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) in the development of sea urchin embryos, we performed reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to obtain partial cDNA fragments for PTK genes using primers to highly conserved regions of the PTK family. A total of seven PTK sequences were identified, two of which represented(More)
By screening a cDNA library and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, the cDNA for a non-receptor type protein tyrosine kinase from the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was analyzed. The deduced protein (AcSrc1) with the highest identity of about 60% to mammalian Src family kinases shows the characteristic features of the Src family. AcSrc1 mRNA is(More)
This study determined the amino acid and carbohydrate composition of 2 cercarial glycocalyx preparations obtained after phenol-water extraction and subsequent gel chromatography. Labeled cercariae were subjected to 85% phenol, thereby dissociating the glycocalyx into the aqueous phase, which was dialyzed and chromatographed on Sepharose CL-2B or -4B in(More)
The glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of sperm and seminal plasma of normal men and seminal plasma of vasectomized individuals have been identified and quantified by two dimensional (2D) electrophoresis. The sperm contains predominantly CSC and HS as well as significant amounts of DS which achieves a high level in the sperm of the youngest man, while HA and LSC are(More)