Takashi Sumikama

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In narrow pore ion channels, ions and water molecules diffuse in a single-file manner and cannot pass each other. Under such constraints, ion and water fluxes are coupled, leading to experimentally observable phenomena such as the streaming potential. Analysis of this coupled flux would provide unprecedented insights into the mechanism of permeation. In(More)
a broad range of per-meation events from femtoseconds to minutes in time scale and sub-angstrom to millimeter in space were discussed. A main message in the Perspectives was to explore each discipline to expand its limitation, such that different levels of knowledge in a hierarchy of ion permeation events are integrated. Here, we propose another approach(More)
Crystallographic studies of channel proteins have provided insight into the molecular mechanisms of ion channels, even though these structures are obtained in the absence of the membrane and some structural portions have remained unsolved. Here we report the gating structure of the membrane-embedded KcsA potassium channel using atomic force microscopy(More)
Ion transports through ion channels, biological nanopores, are essential for life: Living cells generate electrical signals by utilizing ion permeation through channels. The measured current-voltage (i-V) relations through most ion channels are sublinear, however, its physical meaning is still elusive. Here we calculated the i-V curves through anion-doped(More)
The mechanisms of ion permeation through potassium channels have been extensively examined. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have demonstrated that rapidly permeating ions collide near the selectivity filter (SF) ("knock-on" mechanism), but this oversimplified mechanism is insufficient to account for the experimentally observed single-channel current(More)
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