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Runx3/Pebp2alphaC null mouse gastric mucosa exhibits hyperplasias due to stimulated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis in epithelial cells, and the cells are resistant to growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing action of TGF-beta, indicating that Runx3 is a major growth regulator of gastric epithelial cells. Between 45% and 60% of human gastric cancer(More)
Fat intake and obesity are positively correlated with pancreatic cancer in humans. N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP) induces pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas limited to Syrian golden hamsters, other rodents not being susceptible. In the present study, we found markedly high levels of serum triglycerides (TGs) and total cholesterol (TC) in Syrian golden(More)
Clinicopathological evidence is accumulating that a superficial-type (fiat) colorectal tumor is a distinct neoplastic entity. To clarify the genetic characteristics of this tumor, we investigated the K-ntis gene mutations and morphological featuresof 43 tumorsof this type.A mutationof the K-ms codon 12 was detected in only S (16%) of3l adenomas and 2 (17%)(More)
A cup of coffee contains mutagens which produce about 5 X 10(4)-10(5) revertants of Salmonella typhimurium TA 100 without S9 mix. One of the mutagens was identified to be methylglyoxal. Methylglyoxal was present in various beverages such as black tea, whisky, and brandy. Methylglyoxal itself induced tumors in rats when administered by subcutaneous(More)
The initiation of limb development depends on the site specific proliferation of the mesenchyme by the signals from the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) in embryonic mouse. We have previously reported that the local expression of Hst-1/Fgf-4 transcripts in AER of the mouse limb bud is developmentally regulated, expressed at 11 and 12 days post coitus (p.c.)(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, manufactured nano/microparticles such as fullerenes (C60), carbon black (CB) and ceramic fiber are being widely used because of their desirable properties in industrial, medical and cosmetic fields. However, there are few data on these particles in mammalian mutagenesis and carcinogenesis. To examine genotoxic effects by C60, CB and(More)
Aberrant methylations in human gastric cancers were searched for by a genome scanning technique, methylation-sensitive representational difference analysis. Nine CpG islands (CGIs) in the 5؅ regions of nine genes, LOX, HRASLS, bA305P22.2.3, FLNc (␥-filamin/ABPL), HAND1, a homo-logue of RIKEN 2210016F16, FLJ32130, PGAR (HFARP/ANGPTL4/ ARP4), and(More)
Many mutagenic heterocyclic amines (HAs) have been isolated from cooked foods and pyrolysates of amino acids and proteins, and the carcinogenicity of 10 of these HAs in rodents and of 1 in monkeys has been reported. Quantification of these carcinogenic HAs in various kinds of cooked foods indicated that the level of(More)
BACKGROUND Many lines of evidence suggest that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (Parp-1) is involved in transcriptional regulation of various genes as a coactivator or a corepressor by modulating chromatin structure. However, the impact of Parp-1-deficiency on the regulation of genome-wide gene expression has not been fully studied yet. RESULTS We employed a(More)
The unmethylated or methylated status of individual CpG sites is faithfully copied into daughter cells. Here, we analyzed the fidelity in replicating their methylation statuses in cancer cells. A single cell was clonally expanded, and methylation statuses of individual CpG sites were determined for an average of 12.5 DNA molecules obtained from the expanded(More)