Takashi Sozu

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Short time exposure (STE) test is a cytotoxicity test in SIRC cells (rabbit corneal cell line) that assesses eye irritation potential following a 5-min chemical exposure. This validation study assessed transferability, intra- and inter-laboratory reproducibility, and predictive capacity of STE test in five laboratories (supported by Japanese Society for(More)
The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is a well-established alternative to the guinea pig maximization test (GPMT) or Buehler test (BT) for the assessment of the skin sensitizing ability of a drug, cosmetic material, pesticide or industrial chemical. Instead of radioisotope using in this method, Takeyoshi M. et al. (2001) has developed a modified LLNA(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic therapy with statin has been shown to lower the risk of coronary events; however, the in vivo effects of statin therapy on plaque volume and composition are less understood. METHODS We conducted a prospective, open-labeled, randomized, multicenter study in 11 centers in Japan. A total of 164 patients were randomized to receive either 4(More)
A reliability study in which multiple raters evaluate multiple subjects was assumed in order to confirm the inter-rater reliability of rating scales. The two-way ANOVA model defining subjects and raters as random effects was applied, and the combination of the number of subjects and the number of raters that minimizes variance of the intraclass correlation(More)
BACKGROUND To examine empirically whether the mean difference (MD) or the standardised mean difference (SMD) is more generalizable and statistically powerful in meta-analyses of continuous outcomes when the same unit is used. METHODS From all the Cochrane Database (March 2013), we identified systematic reviews that combined 3 or more randomised controlled(More)
The clinical efficacy of a new treatment may often be better evaluated by two or more co-primary endpoints. Recently, in pharmaceutical drug development, there has been increasing discussion regarding establishing statistically significant favorable results on more than one endpoint in comparisons between treatments, which is referred to as a problem of(More)
Clinical trials often employ two or more primary efficacy endpoints. One of the major problems in such trials is how to determine a sample size suitable for multiple co-primary correlated endpoints. We provide fundamental formulae for the calculation of power and sample size in order to achieve statistical significance for all the multiple primary endpoints(More)
Crossover designs have some advantages over standard clinical trial designs and they are often used in trials evaluating the efficacy of treatments for infertility. However, clinical trials of infertility treatments violate a fundamental condition of crossover designs, because women who become pregnant in the first treatment period are not treated in the(More)
INTRODUCTION The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is a well-established alternative to the guinea pig maximization test (GPMT) or Buehler test (BT) for the assessment of the skin sensitizing ability of drugs and chemicals. Daicel Chemical Industries Ltd. has developed a modified LLNA based on the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content (LLNA-DA). We(More)
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common etiology of acquired valvular heart disease, and hypertension is a principal underlying disease. The Japanese Aortic Stenosis Study (JASS) Retrospective Analysis is a retrospective observational study to clarify the prognostic factors for progression of CAVD in Japanese. Data from 556 subjects who met(More)