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BACKGROUND To examine empirically whether the mean difference (MD) or the standardised mean difference (SMD) is more generalizable and statistically powerful in meta-analyses of continuous outcomes when the same unit is used. METHODS From all the Cochrane Database (March 2013), we identified systematic reviews that combined 3 or more randomised controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic therapy with statin has been shown to lower the risk of coronary events; however, the in vivo effects of statin therapy on plaque volume and composition are less understood. METHODS We conducted a prospective, open-labeled, randomized, multicenter study in 11 centers in Japan. A total of 164 patients were randomized to receive either 4(More)
Short time exposure (STE) test is a cytotoxicity test in SIRC cells (rabbit corneal cell line) that assesses eye irritation potential following a 5-min chemical exposure. This validation study assessed transferability, intra- and inter-laboratory reproducibility, and predictive capacity of STE test in five laboratories (supported by Japanese Society for(More)
Three hundred Japanese patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who started an alpha1-adrenoceptor blocker, tamsulosin, between 1993 and 1996 were followed for 3.0+/-3.3 years (mean+/-SD) to determine whether an association existed between the disease severities measured prior to the tamsulosin treatment and the timing at which the invasive therapy(More)
The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is a well-established alternative to the guinea pig maximization test (GPMT) or Buehler test (BT) for the assessment of the skin sensitizing ability of a drug, cosmetic material, pesticide or industrial chemical. Instead of radioisotope using in this method, Takeyoshi M. et al. (2001) has developed a modified LLNA(More)
A Short Time Exposure (STE) test is a cytotoxicity test that uses SIRC cells (rabbit corneal cell line) to assess eye irritation potency following a 5-min chemical exposure. This second-phase validation study assessed the predictive capacity of the STE test using 40 coded test substances at three laboratories. A Validation Management Team (VMT) then(More)
INTRODUCTION The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is a well-established alternative to the guinea pig maximization test (GPMT) or Buehler test (BT) for the assessment of the skin sensitizing ability of drugs and chemicals. Daicel Chemical Industries Ltd. has developed a modified LLNA based on the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content (LLNA-DA). We(More)
Crossover designs have some advantages over standard clinical trial designs and they are often used in trials evaluating the efficacy of treatments for infertility. However, clinical trials of infertility treatments violate a fundamental condition of crossover designs, because women who become pregnant in the first treatment period are not treated in the(More)
A reliability study in which multiple raters evaluate multiple subjects was assumed in order to confirm the inter-rater reliability of rating scales. The two-way ANOVA model defining subjects and raters as random effects was applied, and the combination of the number of subjects and the number of raters that minimizes variance of the intraclass correlation(More)