Takashi Shinozawa

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The pineal complex of river lamprey reacted with the antisera raised against retina specific proteins including bovine opsin, chick visinin and frog light-sensitive cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (PDE). Immunoreactive materials stained with anti-opsin were evenly located at the outer segment of photoreceptor cells in the pineal organ and also found in the(More)
Analysis of the flow of light information in Paramecium, especially the participation of GTP-binding protein, was carried out. Injection of GDP-beta-S into Paramecium cell abolished the light-induced inward current. The partially purified rhodopsin-like protein (RLP) that we obtained activated frog rod outer segments (ROS) GTPase. A GTP-binding protein,(More)
The sialoglycopeptide from bovine brain inhibited the growth of PC12 cells in the presence of nerve growth factor. This inhibition was accompanied by DNA fragmentation showing a ladder pattern and changes in cell morphology leading to cytoplasmic condensation. These results suggest that the sialoglycopeptide induces PC12 cell apoptosis in the presence of(More)
To investigate the role of the C-terminal region on the activity and thermostability of orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase, EC 2. 4.2.10) from Thermus thermophilus, four C-terminal amino acid-deleted OPRTases (1, 2, 3, and 5 residues deleted) were constructed. The activities of all the mutant OPRTases were lower than that of wild-type OPRTase at all(More)
The sialoglycopeptide (SGP) prepared from bovine brain induces apoptosis in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. This apoptosis accompanies a decrease in cell growth, DNA fragmentation to oligonucleotide repeats, and morphological changes involving cell shrinkage. Although the growth of PC12 cells was maintained by nerve growth factor (NGF) or basic(More)
In most vertebrates and several insects, melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is synthesized enzymatically from serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) by the sequential action of arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT). In the freshwater planarian Dugesia japonica, which belongs to the most primitive metazoan(More)
Extract of Coprinus disseminatus (pers. Fr.) (C. disseminatus) culture broth (EDCB) inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in the human cervical carcinoma cells at 5 microg/ml. To determine whether the cell death induced by the EDCB recruits caspases or not, one of the exclusive pathways in cell death, we examined caspase-3 activity in this cell death(More)
Free-living nematodes, Caenorhabditis elegans and Dorylaimus fodori, contain putrescine and spermidine. Putrescine, spermidine and spermine occur in the parasitic Nematoda, Ascaris suum, Anisakis simplex and Dirofilaria immitis. Earthworms, Eisenia foetida, Tubifex hattai and Pheretima communissima and the leech, Hirudo nipponia (belonging to Annelida) and(More)
Paramecium bursaria is photosensitive and accumulates in a lighted area. The cells can be deciliated by a brief suspension in dilute ethanol. Both intact and deciliated cells showed depolarization in response to light stimulation by a step-increase from dark to above 0.7 mW cm-2 (550 nm). On the other hand, after a step-increase to below 0.4 mW cm-1, intact(More)
An in vitro methylcellulose technique was used in an attempt to culture neuroblastoma cells from 25 bone marrows from eight children with neuroblastoma. Colonies appeared within 5 days in histologically positive bone marrows. Light microscopy, linearity study, and marker study provided evidence for the neuroblastoma origin of the colonies. These colonies(More)