Takashi Shingu

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Because the aberrantly activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway renders tumor cells resistant to cytotoxic insults, including those related to anticancer drugs, inhibition of the pathway may possibly restore or augment the effectiveness of chemotherapy. Using the human malignant glioma cell lines U87, A172, LN18, and LN229, we examined effects(More)
OBJECT The phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted from chromosome 10 (PTEN) functions as a tumor suppressor by negatively regulating the growth/survival signals of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)/Akt pathway. The PI3-K/Akt pathway in PTEN-deficient tumors may be one of the key targets for anticancer therapy. The authors examined the effects of the(More)
BBR3610 is a polynuclear platinum compound, in which two platinums are linked by a spermine-like linker, and studies in a variety of cancers, including glioma, have shown that it is more potent than conventional platinums and works by different means. Identifying the mechanism of action of BBR3610 would help in developing the drug further for clinical use.(More)
An 88-year-old woman presented with a supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) manifesting as disturbance of consciousness and left hemiplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a large mass lesion in the right frontotemporal region. She underwent biopsy of the lesion that confirmed the diagnosis of PNET. Her poor condition only allowed(More)
Glioblastoma remains the most common and devastating primary brain tumor despite maximal therapy with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. The glioma stem cell (GSC) subpopulation has been identified in glioblastoma and likely plays a key role in resistance of these tumors to conventional therapies as well as recurrent disease. GSCs are capable of(More)
The case of a 14-year-old boy presenting with hypergammaglobulinemia (immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgA) and a cerebellopontine angle tumor is reported. The tumor was histologically confirmed as meningioma infiltrated with plasma cells, lymphocytes, and histiocytes. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the infiltrating plasma cells were stained by antibodies(More)
Ten cases of primary oculomotor nerve palsy due to head injury are presented. All ten patients had a dilated, non reactive pupil. Seven had complete oculomotor palsy. Two had partial extraocular palsy or blepharoptosis and one had neither extraocular palsy nor blepharoptosis. The initial ophthalmoplegia was recognized immediately after trauma. Nine patients(More)
We report the case of a 29-year-old woman in whom a saccular aneurysm of the distal anterior cerebral artery developed following head trauma due to a car accident. She was semicomatose on admission but had no lateralizing motor signs. Reflexes were symmetrical, with bilateral extensor toe sign. X-ray of the skull showed no fracture but CT scans demonstrated(More)
OBJECT Deuterium oxide (D2O), or heavy water, affects a variety of biological activities different from those of water. The authors examined the antitumoral effect of D2O on brain neoplasms and demonstrated D2O-mediated cytotoxicity by using a Rous sarcoma virus-induced murine malignant astrocytoma cell line, RSVM. The mechanism of the observed cytotoxicity(More)