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Pladienolide is a naturally occurring antitumor macrolide that was discovered by using a cell-based reporter gene expression assay controlled by the human vascular endothelial growth factor promoter. Despite the unique mechanisms of action and prominent antitumor activities of pladienolides B and D in diverse in vitro and in vivo systems, their target(More)
Treatment of mammalian cells with small molecule histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors induces changes in the transcription of specific genes. These changes correlate directly with an increase in the acetylation levels of all four core histones in vivo. Antibodies directed against endogenous HDAC1, HDAC2, or HDAC3 immunoprecipitate histone deacetylase(More)
We have developed a systematic strategy for drug target identification. This consists of the following sequential steps: (1) enrichment of total binding proteins using two differential affinity matrixes upon which are immobilized positive and negative chemical structures for drug activity, respectively; (2) covalent labeling of the proteins with a new(More)
Depudecin is a fungal metabolite that reverts the rounded phenotype of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts transformed with v-ras and v-src oncogenes to the flattened phenotype of the nontransformed parental cells. The mechanism of detransformation induced by this agent had not been determined. Here, we demonstrate that depudecin inhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC)(More)
BACKGROUND Ecteinascidin 743 (Et 743) is a potent antitumor marine alkaloid currently undergoing phase II clinical trials. The synthetic analog phthalascidin (Pt 650), a designed structural analog of Et 743 displays in vitro potency comparable to Et 743. In this study, we used a panel of 36 human cancer cell lines, flow cytometry and oligonucleotide(More)
The sulfonamides constitute an important class of drugs, with several types of pharmacological agents possessing antibacterial, anti- carbonic anhydrase, diuretic, hypoglycemic and antithyroid activity among others. A large number of structurally novel sulfonamide derivatives have ultimately been reported to show substantial antitumor activity in vitro and(More)
E7070 (N-(3-Chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulphonamide) was selected from our sulphonamide compound collections via antitumour screening and flow cytometric analysis. Following treatment with E7070, the cell cycle progression of P388 murine leukaemia cells was disturbed in the G1 phase. The cell-killing effect on human colon cancer HCT116 cells was found(More)
As a result of substantial advances in recent cancer biology, cell cycle regulation in the G1 phase has attracted a great deal of attention as a promising target for the research and treatment of cancer. Many of the important genes associated with G1 regulation have been shown to play a key role in proliferation, differentiation and oncogenic transformation(More)
E7070 [N-(3-chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulfonamide] is an anticancer drug candidate under clinical development for the treatment of several types of cancers. We prove here that this compound also acts as a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor. Similarly to the clinically used drugs acetazolamide, methazolamide and topiramate, E7070 showed inhibition(More)