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Pladienolide is a naturally occurring antitumor macrolide that was discovered by using a cell-based reporter gene expression assay controlled by the human vascular endothelial growth factor promoter. Despite the unique mechanisms of action and prominent antitumor activities of pladienolides B and D in diverse in vitro and in vivo systems, their target(More)
E7070 [N-(3-chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulfonamide] is an anticancer drug candidate under clinical development for the treatment of several types of cancers. We prove here that this compound also acts as a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor. Similarly to the clinically used drugs acetazolamide, methazolamide and topiramate, E7070 showed inhibition(More)
Depudecin is a fungal metabolite that reverts the rounded phenotype of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts transformed with v-ras and v-src oncogenes to the flattened phenotype of the nontransformed parental cells. The mechanism of detransformation induced by this agent had not been determined. Here, we demonstrate that depudecin inhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC)(More)
The sulfonamides constitute an important class of drugs, with several types of pharmacological agents possessing antibacterial, anti- carbonic anhydrase, diuretic, hypoglycemic and antithyroid activity among others. A large number of structurally novel sulfonamide derivatives have ultimately been reported to show substantial antitumor activity in vitro and(More)
Several sulfonamides have antitumor activities and are currently undergoing clinical evaluation for the treatment of cancer. In this study, we have elucidated the antiproliferative mechanism of action of five indole sulfonamides. The indole sulfonamides inhibited the polymerization of microtubule protein into microtubules in vitro. In addition, three(More)
Treatment of mammalian cells with small molecule histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors induces changes in the transcription of specific genes. These changes correlate directly with an increase in the acetylation levels of all four core histones in vivo. Antibodies directed against endogenous HDAC1, HDAC2, or HDAC3 immunoprecipitate histone deacetylase(More)
As a result of substantial advances in recent cancer biology, cell cycle regulation in the G1 phase has attracted a great deal of attention as a promising target for the research and treatment of cancer. Many of the important genes associated with G1 regulation have been shown to play a key role in proliferation, differentiation and oncogenic transformation(More)
Described herein is the discovery of a novel series of antitumor sulfonamides targeting G1 phase of the cell cycle. Cell cycle control in G1 phase has attracted considerable attention in recent cancer research, because many of the important proteins involved in G1 progression or G1/S transition have been found to play a crucial role in proliferation,(More)
In the process of angiogenesis, endothelial adhesion molecules play a significant role in vascular morphogenesis, in coordination with angiogenic factor signaling. Here we report that a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, E7820 (an aromatic sulfonamide derivative), inhibited in vitro proliferation and tube formation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cell(More)