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The tactile sensation of the teeth is involved in various oral functions, such as mastication and speech. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated the cortical sensory representation of the oral area, including the teeth. First, we identified the somatotopic representation of the lips, teeth and tongue in the postcentral gyrus (GpoC).(More)
KiSS-1 is a promising candidate tumor-suppressor gene and may play a key role in the metastatic cascade. The expression profile and the role of KiSS-1 in cancer progression are largely unknown in most of the cancers, including gastric cancer. In this study, KiSS-1 expression was evaluated by RNase protection assay and localization was done by in situ(More)
p < 0.05). A worse survival rate was particularly observed for the cirrhotic patients with TAOE than for those without TAOE: 35% and 72% at 4 years, respectively ( p < 0.01). As the cause of death, liver failure and gastrointestinal bleeding were more frequent in the patients with TAOE (13.3% versus 1.5%; p < 0.05). Although the TAOE seemed to retard(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pivotal cytokine that regulates inflammatory and immune responses. Recently, many investigators reported that MIF is expressed highly in several tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of MIF in tumor angiogenesis and patient prognosis has not been examined in patients(More)
The gap junction (GJ) plays important roles in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis, the control of cell growth and differentiation, and the prevention of experimental hepatocarcinogenesis. In this study, we examined the relationship between the expression of the GJ protein connexin (Cx) 32 in 24 human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and 29(More)
The surface electromyogram (EMG) from active muscle and oxygen uptake ( $$\dot VO_2 $$ ) were studied simultaneously to examine changes of motor unit (MU) activity during exercise tests with different ramp increments. Six male subjects performed four exhausting cycle exercises with different ramp slopes of 10, 20, 30 and 40 W · min−1 on different days. The(More)
The quantitative or qualitative decline of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is linked to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis because of its antiatherogenic functions, including the mediation of reverse cholesterol transport from the peripheral cells to the liver. We have recently shown that group X secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-X) is involved in the(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2)alpha (cPLA(2)alpha), one of the three subtypes of cPLA(2) (alpha, beta and gamma), is thought to be a rate-limiting enzyme in eicosanoid biosynthesis. We developed a novel and potent cPLA(2)alpha inhibitor with an optically active pyrrolidine, termed pyrrophenone, and characterized this compound in detail using enzyme and(More)
The deposition of cholesterol ester within foam cells of the artery wall is fundamental to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Modifications of low density lipoprotein (LDL), such as oxidation, are prerequisite events for the formation of foam cells. We demonstrate here that group X secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-X) may be involved in this process.(More)
STUDY DESIGN A single-center prospective case series. OBJECTIVE To examine 2 features of shoulder asymmetry (clavicle tilt and trapezial prominence) and their correlation with radiographical parameters. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Shoulder imbalance is one of the more notable aspects of clinical deformity due to scoliosis. However, a discrepancy between(More)