Takashi Onaka

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The lightweight cryogenic telescope on board the Japanese infrared astronomical satellite, ASTRO-F, which is scheduled to be launched early in 2006, forms an F/6 Ritchey-Chretien system with a primary mirror of 710 mm in diameter. The mirrors of the ASTRO-F telescope are made of sandwich-type silicon carbide (SiC) material, comprising a porous core and a(More)
The birth of very massive stars is not well understood, in contrast to the formation process of low-mass stars like our Sun. It is not even clear that massive stars can form as single entities; rather, they might form through the mergers of smaller ones born in tight groups. The recent claim of the discovery of a massive protostar in M17 (a nearby giant(More)
beta Pictoris (beta Pic) is a main-sequence star with an edge-on dust disk that might represent a state of the early Solar System. The dust does not seem to be a remnant from the original protoplanetary disk, but rather is thought to have been generated from large bodies like planetesimals and/or comets. The history and composition of the parent bodies can(More)
The Infrared Camera (IRC) is one of two focal-plane instruments on the AKARI 1 satellite. It is designed for wide-field deep imaging and low-resolution spectroscopy in the near-to mid-infrared (1.8–26.5 µm) in the pointed observation mode of AKARI. IRC is also operated in the survey mode to make an all-sky survey at 9 and 18 µm. It comprises three channels.(More)
CONTEXT A chemical scenario was proposed for photon-dominated regions (PDRs) according to which UV photons from nearby stars lead to the evaporation of very small grains (VSGs) and the production of gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). AIMS Our goal is to achieve better insight into the composition and evolution of evaporating very small(More)
We have made one-dimensional raster-scan observations of the ρ Oph and σ Sco star-forming regions with two spectrometers (SWS and LWS) on board the 158 µm, and the H 2 pure rotational transition lines S(0) to S(3) are detected, and the PDR properties are derived as the radiation field scaled by the solar neighborhood value G 0 ∼ 30–500, the gas density n ∼(More)
We review the next generation Japanese infrared space mission, ASTRO-F. ASTRO-F will be the first survey of the entire sky at infrared wavelengths since the IRAS mission almost 20 years ago. ASTRO-F will survey the entire sky in 4 far-infrared bands from 50-200microns and 2 mid-infrared bands at 9 and 20microns to sensitivities of 10-1000 times deeper than(More)
We report the design and testing of a compact system of baffles for cooled infrared telescopes. The baffle system consists of a reflecting forebaffle and a black aftbaffle and provides a high level of rejection of emission from off-axis sources. The forebaffle reflects radiation incident at angles greater than 40° off axis out of the telescope, thereby(More)