Takashi Onaka

Learn More
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in learning, depression and energy metabolism. However, the neuronal mechanisms underlying the effects of BDNF on energy metabolism remain unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate the neuronal pathways by which BDNF controls feeding behaviour and energy balance. Using an osmotic mini-pump,(More)
We have made one-dimensional raster-scan observations of the ρ Oph and σ Sco star-forming regions with two spectrometers (SWS and LWS) on board the ISO. In the ρ Oph region, [Si II] 35μm, [O I] 63μm, 146μm, [C II] 158μm, and the H2 pure rotational transition lines S(0) to S(3) are detected, and the PDR properties are derived as the radiation field scaled by(More)
The prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) has been proposed to be a co-transmitter or modulator of noradrenaline (NA) because it colocalises with NA in the A1 (in the ventrolateral reticular formation) and A2 (in the nucleus of the solitary tract; NTS) cell groups in the caudal medulla. The baroreceptor signals, originating from the great vessels, are(More)
Food intake activates neurones expressing prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) in the medulla oblongata and oxytocin neurones in the hypothalamus. Both PrRP and oxytocin have been shown to have an anorexic action. In the present study, we investigated whether the activation of oxytocin neurones following food intake is mediated by PrRP. We first examined the(More)
Emotional stress activates oxytocin neurons in the hypothalamic supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei and stimulates oxytocin release from the posterior pituitary. Oxytocin neurons in the hypothalamus have synaptic contact with prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) neurons. Intracerebroventricular administration of PrRP stimulates oxytocin release from the(More)
We report the discovery of the ν3 band of SO2 at 7.3 μm in the ISO/SWS spectra of oxygen-rich AGB stars. The band is clearly detected in three stars, UX Cyg, o Cet and T Cep, and marginally detected in at least four other stars. The band is seen in absorption in UX Cyg, while it is in emission in o Cet. Seven spectra of T Cep taken at different phases show(More)
We present the results of high precision measurements of the thermal expansion of the sintered SiC, SiC-100, intended for use in cryogenic space-telescopes, in which minimization of thermal deformation of the mirror is critical and precise information of the thermal expansion is needed for the telescope design. The temperature range of the measurements(More)
A mechanically ruled aberration-corrected concave grating was developed for use in the low-resolution mid-infrared spectrometer aboard the cryogenically cooled Infrared Telescope in Space. The design and the performance testing of the grating are reported. The spectrometer requires a wide spectral range (4.5-11.7 µm) and a wide field of view (8 × 8 arcmin)(More)