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Co-translational protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane is interrupted by particular amino acid sequences which are called stop-transfer sequences. Since the stop-transfer process should reflect the character of the protein translocation machinery, systematic examination on the structural requirements for stop-transfer sequences(More)
Previous studies of bovine CYP11B1 gene regulation revealed six cis-acting elements, Ad1, Ad2, Ad3, Ad4, Ad5, and Ad6, in the 5' upstream region of the gene. Ad4 site was a positive transcription element in the stimulation by cAMP. Ad4-binding protein (Ad4BP) was purified from the nuclear extract of bovine adrenal cortex using affinity latex particles(More)
Ad4BP/SF-1 was identified as the steroidogenic tissue-specific transcription factor regulating the expression of the steroidogenic cytochrome P450 genes. In addition to the steroidogenic endocrine tissues such as adrenal cortex, testis, and ovary, the factor was found to be expressed in the pituitary gonadotroph and the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.(More)
The signal sequence of secretory proteins and the signal-anchor sequence of type II membrane proteins initiate the translocation of the following polypeptide segments, whereas the signal-anchor sequence of cytochrome P-450-type membrane proteins mediates the membrane insertion of the polypeptide via a signal-recognition particle-dependent mechanism but does(More)
Mitochondrial porin is a major integral membrane protein of the outer membrane. To assess the stop-transfer sequence in the yeast porin molecule (P), we constructed the following chimeric proteins. (i) The signal sequence of interleukin 2, a secretory protein, was fused to the amino-terminus of porin (SP). (ii) The matrix targeting presequence of cytochrome(More)
A 49-kDa protein (P49) was discovered in the primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. P49 cross-reacted with the antibodies against purified P450IIC11 [formerly P-450(M-1)]. P49 was located in microsomes and highly induced after plating of isolated hepatocytes on collagen-coated culture dishes. To characterize P49, cDNA clones were screened from a rat liver(More)
To find factors participating in protein translocation in yeast, we screened a yeast genomic library for genes which, when introduced into Escherichia coli, suppressed secY24, a temperature sensitive mutation of an essential integral membrane protein (SecY) required for protein export. We isolated and characterized a gene (YSY6) which improved the(More)