Takashi Okura

Learn More
The purpose of this study was to characterize blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of oxycodone, a cationic opioid agonist, via the pyrilamine transporter, a putative organic cation transporter, using conditionally immortalized rat brain capillary endothelial cells (TR-BBB13). Oxycodone and [3H]pyrilamine were both transported into TR-BBB13 cells in a(More)
Diphenhydramine (DPHM) and oxycodone are weak bases that are able to form cations. Both drugs show active uptake at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). There is thus a possibility for a pharmacokinetic interaction between them by competition for the same uptake transport system. The experiments of the present study were designed to study the transport of DPHM(More)
Morphine-6beta-glucuronide (M6G) is well known as a potent active metabolite in humans. To clarify concentration-antinociceptive effect relationships for morphine and M6G, we evaluated comparatively the pharmacokinetics and antinociceptive effects of morphine and M6G. The spinal CSF concentration and antinociception were simultaneously measured by using the(More)
We examined the contribution of the human delta-opioid receptor carboxyl terminal tail to (+)-4-[(alphaR)-alpha-((2S,5R)-4-allyl-2, 5-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl)-3-methoxybenzyl]-N,N-diethylbenzamide (SNC80)- and cyclic[D-Pen(2),D-Pen(5)]enkephalin (DPDPE)-mediated receptor down-regulation. Both SNC80 and DPDPE mediated down-regulation of an epitope tagged(More)
Tramadol is a centrally acting analgesic whose action is mediated by both agonistic activity at opioid receptors and inhibitory activity on neuronal reuptake of monoamines. The purpose of this study was to characterize the blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of tramadol by means of microdialysis studies in rat brain and in vitro studies with human(More)
In this study, the internalization mechanism of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was investigated using a conditionally immortalized mouse brain capillary endothelial cell line (TM-BBB4 cells) as an in vitro model of the BBB and the corresponding receptor was identified using immunohistochemical analysis. The(More)
This study investigated the expression and functional roles of rat plasma membrane monoamine transporter (rPMAT) in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier by using in vitro brain barrier model cells (TR-BBB13 and TR-CSFB3 cells) and multiple in vivo experimental techniques. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
Cell cycle G(2) checkpoint abrogation is an attractive strategy for sensitizing cancer cells to DNA-damaging anticancer agent without increasing adverse effects on normal cells. However, there is no single proven molecular target for this therapeutic approach. High-throughput screening for molecules inhibiting CHK1, a kinase that is essential for the G(2)(More)
Down-regulation of the delta-opioid receptor contributes to the development of tolerance to delta-opioid receptor agonists. The involvement of the carboxy terminus of the mouse delta-opioid receptor in peptide agonist-mediated down-regulation has been established. In the present study, we examined the down-regulation of the truncated human delta-opioid(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate the functional and transcriptional modulation of P-glycoprotein (MDR-1) by several dietary ingredients (piperine, capsaicin, daidzein, genistein, sesamin, curcumin, taurine) in vinblastine-resistant colon carcinoma LS-180 cells (LS-180V cells). The amount of rhodamine 123 accumulated in LS-180V cells was(More)