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The aim of the present study was to elucidate genetic alterations that are critically involved in astrocytoma progression. We characterized 27 World Health Organization grade II fibrillary astrocytomas which later underwent recurrence or progression, paying specific attention to the CpG island methylation status of critical growth regulatory genes. p14(ARF)(More)
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is up-regulated in a variety of human neoplasms. Mutations in the core promoter region of the TERT gene, which increases promoter activity, have been reported in melanomas and a variety of human neoplasms, including gliomas. In the present study, we screened for TERT promoter mutations by direct DNA sequencing in a(More)
Pleomorphic granular cell astrocytoma in the pineal region is exceedingly rare, and its clinicopathological features are distinctive. A 67-year-old woman was admitted with a staggering gait. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass lesion at the pineal gland accompanied by obstructive hydrocephalus. Following surgery, pathological examinations(More)
Epigenetic silencing of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) by promoter methylation can confer cancer cells with an increased sensitivity to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents and a higher susceptibility to TP53 transition mutations. The aim of our study was to assess the correlation of promoter methylation of the MGMT gene with TP53 mutations(More)
Intraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement. A microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as(More)
O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter hypermethylation has recently emerged as a powerful determinant of chemotherapy sensitivity in glioblastomas. To adapt such an important epigenetic biomarker to routine application in the clinical setting, we validated the conventionally used methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) assay(More)
Gemistocytic astrocytoma (World Health Organization grade II) is a rare variant of diffuse astrocytoma that is characterized by the presence of neoplastic gemistocytes and has a significantly less favorable prognosis. Other than frequent TP53 mutations (>80%), little is known about its molecular profile. Here, we show that gemistocytic astrocytomas carry a(More)
Malignant gliomas are highly lethal neoplasms that cannot be cured with currently available therapies. Temozolomide (TMZ) is a recently introduced alkylating agent that has yielded significant benefits and become a key agent in the treatment of high-grade gliomas. However, its survival benefit remains unsatisfactory. Understanding the molecular basis of TMZ(More)
PURPOSE In certain types of human cancers, transcriptional inactivation of hMLH1 by promoter hypermethylation plays a causal role in the loss of mismatch repair functions that modulate cytotoxic pathways in response to DNA-damaging agents. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of promoter methylation of the hMLH1 gene in malignant(More)
Medulloblastomas represent the most common central nervous system malignancies in children. Despite intensive modality treatment with craniospinal irradiation and multiple drug chemotherapy, their prognosis remains dismal. In the present study, we examined the potential roles of cellular differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis in 21 pediatric patients(More)