Takashi Ohta

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Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is up-regulated in a variety of human neoplasms. Mutations in the core promoter region of the TERT gene, which increases promoter activity, have been reported in melanomas and a variety of human neoplasms, including gliomas. In the present study, we screened for TERT promoter mutations by direct DNA sequencing in a(More)
The aim of the present study was to elucidate genetic alterations that are critically involved in astrocytoma progression. We characterized 27 World Health Organization grade II fibrillary astrocytomas which later underwent recurrence or progression, paying specific attention to the CpG island methylation status of critical growth regulatory genes. p14(ARF)(More)
Aberrant hypermethylation of CpG islands in the promoter region plays a causal role in the inactivation of various key genes involved in the cell cycle regulatory cascade, which could result in a loss of cell cycle control. The aim of the present study was to examine in more detail the prevalence and role of the promoter methylation of genes with a proven(More)
Pleomorphic granular cell astrocytoma in the pineal region is exceedingly rare, and its clinicopathological features are distinctive. A 67-year-old woman was admitted with a staggering gait. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass lesion at the pineal gland accompanied by obstructive hydrocephalus. Following surgery, pathological examinations(More)
Epigenetic silencing of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) by promoter methylation can confer cancer cells with an increased sensitivity to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents and a higher susceptibility to TP53 transition mutations. The aim of our study was to assess the correlation of promoter methylation of the MGMT gene with TP53 mutations(More)
Malignant gliomas are highly lethal neoplasms that cannot be cured with currently available therapies. Temozolomide (TMZ) is a recently introduced alkylating agent that has yielded significant benefits and become a key agent in the treatment of high-grade gliomas. However, its survival benefit remains unsatisfactory. Understanding the molecular basis of TMZ(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to assess the clinical course of Buerger disease and to analyze the social problems that influence quality of life of affected patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred ten patients with Buerger disease (106 men, 4 women; mean age, 40.0 years) for whom complete data since onset of disease were available were included in(More)
PURPOSE We studied whether the measurement of skin perfusion pressure (SPP) is useful for evaluating ischemic limbs and predicting wound healing. METHODS Two hundred eleven patients (age range, 45 to 90 years; mean age, 69.6 +/- 9.2 years; 170 men and 41 women), 403 limbs with arteriosclerosis obliterans, were included in this study. Half of the patients(More)
Intraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement. A microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as(More)
We investigated the XLRS1 gene in Japanese patients with retinoschisis (RS). All exons of the XLRS1 gene were sequenced in 14 males, including a pair of monozygotic twins, from 11 individual families with RS and five of their mothers who are asymptomatic but diagnosed as carriers. Six kinds of missense mutations and a nonsense mutation, including six novel(More)