Takashi Ohta

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Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is up-regulated in a variety of human neoplasms. Mutations in the core promoter region of the TERT gene, which increases promoter activity, have been reported in melanomas and a variety of human neoplasms, including gliomas. In the present study, we screened for TERT promoter mutations by direct DNA sequencing in a(More)
The aim of the present study was to elucidate genetic alterations that are critically involved in astrocytoma progression. We characterized 27 World Health Organization grade II fibrillary astrocytomas which later underwent recurrence or progression, paying specific attention to the CpG island methylation status of critical growth regulatory genes. p14(ARF)(More)
BACKGROUND Spermatogonia are highly tolerant to reactive oxygen species (ROS) attack while advanced-stage germ cells such as spermatozoa are much more susceptible, but the precise reason for this variation in ROS tolerance remains unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using the Japanese eel testicular culture system that enables a complete(More)
Aberrant hypermethylation of CpG islands in the promoter region plays a causal role in the inactivation of various key genes involved in the cell cycle regulatory cascade, which could result in a loss of cell cycle control. The aim of the present study was to examine in more detail the prevalence and role of the promoter methylation of genes with a proven(More)
Medulloblastomas represent the most common central nervous system malignancies in children. Despite intensive modality treatment with craniospinal irradiation and multiple drug chemotherapy, their prognosis remains dismal. In the present study, we examined the potential roles of cellular differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis in 21 pediatric patients(More)
PURPOSE In certain types of human cancers, transcriptional inactivation of hMLH1 by promoter hypermethylation plays a causal role in the loss of mismatch repair functions that modulate cytotoxic pathways in response to DNA-damaging agents. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of promoter methylation of the hMLH1 gene in malignant(More)
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) could have potential for tumorigenesis, treatment resistance, and tumor recurrence (GSC hypothesis). However, the mechanisms underlying such potential has remained elusive and few ultrastructural features of the cells have been reported in detail. We therefore undertook observations of the antigenic characteristics and(More)
The majority of glioblastomas develop rapidly with a short clinical history (primary glioblastoma IDH wild-type), whereas secondary glioblastomas progress from diffuse astrocytoma or anaplastic astrocytoma. IDH mutations are the genetic hallmark of secondary glioblastomas. Gliosarcomas and giant cell glioblastomas are rare histological glioblastoma(More)
Zygote arrest 1 (ZAR1) is a novel maternal-effect gene of crucial importance during the oocyte-to-embryo transition. Comprehensive methylation analysis of tumor-specific differently methylated regions in human malignant melanomas has recently led to the identification of non-promoter hypermethylation of the ZAR1 gene that had never been identified as an(More)
A 63-year-old man presented with an unusual supracallosal epidermoid cyst with repetitive hemorrhages that initially manifested as severe headache in 2003. Physical examination found no neurological deficit. Computed tomography demonstrated a homogeneously high density mass lesion measuring 3 x 3 cm in the supracallosal area, and the clinical diagnosis was(More)