Takashi Ohno

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The gastrointestinal tract is known to be rich in neural systems, among which afferent neurons are reported to exhibit protective actions. We tested whether an endogenous neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), can prevent gastric mucosal injury elicited by ethanol and enhance healing of acetic acid-induced ulcer using CGRP(More)
We modified and improved techniques for the intravital microscopic observation of the rat gastric microcirculation. The stomach of anesthetized rats was cut along the greater curvature, and the posterior wall of the glandular stomach was fixed in a chamber with the serosal side up and perfused with warmed Tyrode's solution. A portion of the muscularis(More)
BACKGROUND Ulcer healing is a complex process, which involves cell migration, proliferation, angiogenesis and re-epithelialization. Several growth factors have been implicated in this process but the precise mechanism is not well understood. This study examined the involvement of VEGFR1 signaling in the gastric ulcer healing. METHODS Gastric ulcers were(More)
The importance of prostaglandin E(2) in various pathophysiological events emphasizes the necessity of understanding the role of PGE synthases (PGESs) in vivo. However, there has been no report on the functional relevance of microsomal PGES-1 (mPGES-1) to the physiological healing processes of gastric ulcers, or to angiogenesis, which is indispensable to the(More)
The myoelectrical activity of the gastric smooth muscle, recorded by a bipolar electrode placed at the gastric antrum in rats, could be recorded when the stomach was distended with 5 ml of physiological saline. This activity may be induced by a mucosal reflex and was inhibited both by atropine and by pirenzepine. Replacement of physiological saline with(More)
Pretreatment with a mild irritant such as 1 M NaCl prevented ethanol-induced mucosal injury, which was abolished by indomethacin, suggesting involvement of endogenous PGs. With the use of intravital microscopy, we investigated the mechanism in microcirculation whereby a mild irritant prevents ethanol-induced mucosal injury. Microcirculation of the basal(More)
Various proinflammatory mediators are believed to be involved in the processes and symptoms of ulcerative colitis (UC). To determine whether endogenous kinin enhances the severity of UC, we induced experimental colitis (EC) in kininogen-deficient mutant rats and tested the effect of a non-peptide B2 receptor antagonist. EC was induced in male(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely accepted that the inhibition of gastric motor activity as well as the maintenance of gastric mucosal blood flow and mucous secretion are important for the homeostasis of the gastric mucosa. The present study was performed to ascertain whether or not capsaicin, which can protect the stomach from noxious stimuli, affects gastric motor(More)
It is widely accepted that the inhibition of gastric motor activity as well as the maintenance of gastric mucosal blood flow and mucous secretion are important for the homeostasis of the gastric mucosa. The present study was performed to ascertain whether or not endogenous PGs, which can protect the stomach from noxious stimuli, affect gastric motor(More)
Prostaglandin (PG)E derivatives are widely used for treating gastric mucosal injury. PGE receptors are classified into four subtypes, EP(1), EP(2), EP(3), and EP(4). We have tested which EP receptor subtypes participate in gastric mucosal protection against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury and clarified the mechanisms of such protection. The gastric(More)