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Previously, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of the adenovirus-mediated transduction of the cytosine deaminase (CD) gene and 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) for malignant gliomas. However, the molecular pathways that mediate the 5-FC/CD gene therapy-induced cell death remains to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the induction of apoptosis and the role(More)
The multifunctional DNA repair enzyme (APEX nuclease) having apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease, 3'-5' exonuclease, DNA 3' repair diesterase and DNA 3'-phosphatase activities is thought to be involved in repair of AP sites and single-strand breaks with 3'-blocked termini. To investigate the biological role of the enzyme, we studied the correlation(More)
We examined whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) could provide accurate information on histological grade and cell proliferation in astrocytomas. We studied 23 patients with astrocytomas: five grade II, 10 grade III and eight with grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme). We performed proton MRS and determined the Ki-67 labeling index (LI), a(More)
1. A series of terpenoid compounds, recently isolated from Picrodendron baccatum, share a picrotoxane skeleton with picrotoxinin, an antagonist of ionotropic GABA receptors. Referred to as picrodendrins, they inhibit the binding of [35S]-tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) to rat GABAA receptors. Hitherto, their effects on GABA receptors have not been(More)
  • Andrea Macrina, I Buckley, G Iori, A Lökka, M Pistorius, W Shaw +59 others
  • 2006
An Information-Based Framework for Asset Pricing: X-Factor Theory and its Applications. This thesis presents a new framework for asset pricing based on modelling the information available to market participants. Each asset is characterised by the cash flows it generates. Each cash flow is expressed as a function of one or more independent random variables(More)
OBJECT The PC12 cells are well known for their ability to secrete dopamine and levodopa. In multiple animal mode encapsulated PC12 cells have been shown to ameliorate parkinsonian symptoms when transplanted into the striatum; technique is expected to be effective clinically as well. The present study was performed using nonhuman primates to ensure that the(More)
Previously reported methods of liposome-mediated direct in vivo gene transfer have been inefficient, especially when performed with highly differentiated, quiescent cells of the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS). We have therefore improved these procedures based upon a novel concept. Following continuous injection of plasmid DNA-cationic liposome(More)
Twenty-eight patients with spontaneous carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCFs) were treated using a variety of techniques. Three of four patients with direct CCFs underwent intravascular embolization with a detachable balloon. Embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles through an external carotid endoarterial route was used in six patients with indirect(More)
The cortical blood flow adjacent to arteriovenous malformations was monitored in six patients before, during, and after excision of arteriovenous malformations using a thermal diffusion probe. In a large arteriovenous malformation, a progressive increase in cortical blood flow up to two times the preexcision value was noted with occlusion of the feeding(More)
The proliferative potential of cultured rat glioma cells (C6 and 9L) was evaluated after hyperthermia using immunohistochemical staining with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and Ki-67 monoclonal antibodies. Apoptosis was assessed by in situ end-labeling of deoxyribonucleic acid breaks. Both BrdU and Ki-67 labeling indexes decreased with increasing hyperthermia(More)