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Human serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is elevated in not only hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) but also benign liver diseases. AFP produced in HCC and benign liver diseases was separated into several isoforms corresponding to different sugar chain structures by several types of lectin affinity electrophoresis, and the HCC-specific AFP isoform was discriminated(More)
The carbohydrate-binding specificity of Aleuria aurantia lectin was investigated by analyzing the behavior of a variety of fucose-containing oligosaccharides on an A. aurantia lectin-Sepharose column. Studies with complex-type oligosaccharides obtained from various glycoproteins by hydrazinolysis and their partial degradation fragments indicated that the(More)
The carbohydrate binding specificity of Datura stramonium agglutinin was studied by analyzing the behavior of a variety of complex-type oligosaccharides on a D. Stramonium agglutinin-Sepharose column. Oligosaccharides which contain Gal beta 1----4GlcNAc-beta 1----4(Gal beta 1----GlcNAc beta 1----2)Man units are retarded in the column so long as the(More)
The structure of over 93% of the sugar chains of serum transferrin purified from three patients with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein (CDG) syndrome was Neu5Ac alpha 2-->6Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->2Man alpha 1-->6 (Neu5Ac alpha 2-->6Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->2Man alpha 1-->3)Man beta 1-->4GlcNac beta 1-->4GlcNAc, similar to that in a healthy(More)
Previous studies indicated that enrichment of the GlcNAc beta 1----6Man alpha 1---- group with concomitant decrease of the GlcNAc beta 1----4Man alpha 1---- group occurs in the complex-type asparagine-linked sugar chains of the membrane glycoproteins of baby hamster kidney cells transformed by polyoma virus. The enzymatic basis of the chemical change is(More)
We previously reported that the carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein (CDG) syndrome is an asparagine-N-linked sugar chain transfer deficiency [Yamashita et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 5783-5789]. In order to confirm this hypothesis, we applied electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analysis to transferrin isoforms purified from patients with the CDG(More)
Galectin-4 is a member of galectin family and has two carbohydrate recognition domains. Although galectin-4 has been thought to function in cell adhesion, its precise carbohydrate binding specificity has not yet been clarified. We studied the carbohydrate binding specificity of galectin-4 comparatively with that of galectin-3, using surface plasmon(More)
The LARGE gene is thought to encode a putative glycosyltransferase because of its typical topology. However, no enzyme activity has been demonstrated yet, although the gene apparently supports the functional maturation of alpha-dystroglycan by glycosylation when it is transfected into cells. A novel homologous gene to LARGE was identified and named LARGE2.(More)
Two lectins were purified from tuberous roots of Trichosanthes japonica. The major lectin, which was named TJA-II, interacted with Fuc alpha 1-->2Gal beta/GalNAc beta 1-->groups, and the other one, which passed through a porcine stomach mucin-Sepharose 4B column, was purified by sequential chromatography on a human alpha 1-antitrypsin-Sepharose 4B column(More)
Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein (CDG) syndrome type I is a congenital disorder that involves the underglycosylation of N-glycosylated glycoproteins (Yamashita, K., Ideo, H., Ohkura, T., Fukushima, K., Yuasa, I., Ohno, K., and Takeshita, K. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 5783-5789). In an effort to further elucidate the biochemical basis of CDG syndrome type(More)