Takashi Ohkawa

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The liver remains a hematopoietic organ after birth and can produce all leukocyte lineages from resident hematopoietic stem cells. Hepatocytes produce acute phase proteins and complement in bacterial infections. Liver Kupffer cells are activated by various bacterial stimuli, including bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and bacterial superantigens, and(More)
CD56(+)T cells and CD56(+)natural killer (NK) cells are abundant in the human liver. The aim of this study was the further characterization of these cells in the liver with or without hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Liver mononuclear cells (MNC) were isolated from liver specimens obtained from the patients during abdominal surgery. In addition to a flow(More)
Partially (25-35%) N-acetylated chitosan was digested by chitosanase from Bacillus pumilus BN-262, and structures of the products, partially N-acetylated chitooligosaccharides, were analyzed in order to investigate the specificity of the chitosanase. The chitosanase produced glucosamine (GlcN) oligosaccharides abundantly, indicating that the chitosanase(More)
Between January 1951 and December 31, 1990 urothelial tumors were detected in 112 of 1,085 male dye workers (10.3%) in Wakayama City who were formerly engaged in manufacturing of benzidine and/or beta-naphthylamine. The period from exposure to the chemicals to development of the tumor was a mean of 24.1 +/- 9.4 years. A peak incidence of urothelial tumors(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is one of the cytokines which play an immunosuppressive role in an inflammatory process. To investigate the local production of TGF-beta, we evaluated the levels of TGF-beta in tuberculous pleural effusions (TBPE) and non-tuberculous benign pleural effusions (non-TBPE) by the growth inhibition assay with Mv1Lu mink(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans is a major component of the cell surface and extracellular matrix and functions as a barrier against cationic molecules and macromolecules. Heparanase is an endoglucuronidase capable of specifically degrading heparan sulfate, and its activity is associated with the metastatic potential of tumor cells. To inhibit human(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term results after transurethral resection (TUR) and prophylactic intravesical Tokyo 172 bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy for primary superficial bladder cancer were analyzed by multivariate analysis, and factors affecting the recurrence of bladder tumors after this therapy were examined. METHODS One-hundred and forty-one consecutive(More)
Angiogenesis is an important part of tumor growth in vivo. We used the transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells that overproduced recombinant transforming growth-factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) to examine the possible role of this factor in tumor growth and angiogenesis in a nude mouse model. The in-vitro proliferation of TGF-beta 1-transfected CHO cells(More)
The present investigation studied the quantitative adhesion of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals to the surface of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, which exhibit many characteristics of renal cortical collecting tubule cells. COM crystals adhered to the cell surface, and the attachment showed a time and concentration dependency with plateau. The(More)
BACKGROUND There have been few reports concerning the cytotoxic effects of fluoroquinolone antibiotics on transitional cell carcinoma. This investigation was designed to study the cytotoxic effects of fleroxacin and ciprofloxacin on transitional cell carcinoma quantitatively in vitro. METHODS Two transitional cell carcinoma cell lines, MBT-2 and T24, were(More)