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—We describe a secure communication scheme that uses the random fluctuation of the natural environment of communication channels. Only the transmitter and the receiver share the communication channel characteristics. From reciprocity between a transmitter and a receiver, it is possible for them to share one-time information of their fluctuating channel.(More)
Principle, control theory, and application of the ESPAR (Electrically Steerable Parasitic Array Radiator) antenna are introduced. A typical ESPAR antenna consists of monopole or dipole elements, one of which is the radiator (fed element) and the others are the parasitic radiators with variable reactance devices loaded on them. It can provide a lower-cost(More)
– Analog approaches are expected to offer dramatically low power consumption in smart antennas, especially for battery-operated wireless terminal devices. This paper overviews recently developed analog antenna techniques for smart beamforming. Hardware architectures, trained-and blind-control criteria, and adaptation algorithms are introduced along with(More)
—A low-power consumption, small-size smart antenna, named electronically steerable parasitic array radiator (ESPAR), has been designed. Beamforming is achieved by tuning the load reactances at parasitic elements surrounding the active central element. A fast beamforming algorithm based on simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation with a maximum(More)
The objective of the beamforming with the exploitation of a sensor array is to enhance the signals of the sources from desired directions, suppress the noises and the interfering signals from other directions, and/or simultaneously provide the localization of the associated sources. In this paper, we present a higher order cumulant-based beamforming(More)
This brief characterizes oneand two-port passive networks from the viewpoint of oscillator design. A linear circuit theory derives the spectral spread due to RF noise from active devices. The formulation finds a frequency derivative function of logarithmic immittance that plays the key role of dominating the spectrum behavior. This leads to an explicit(More)
We herein propose power transfer through a capacitor composed of a steel belt in a tire and a metal plate attached to the road. In the present study, metal plates were arranged above and below a tire, and the complex impedance between these plates was measured. A matching circuit bridging the large impedance gap between the tire and 50-ohm lines was(More)