Takashi Ochiai

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Crocin is a pharmacologically active component of Crocus sativus L. (saffron) used in traditional Chinese medicine. We report here the effects of crocin on neuronally differentiated pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells deprived of serum/glucose. Depriving the PC-12 cells of serum/glucose caused peroxidation of their cell membrane lipids and decreased(More)
Crocin is a pharmacologically active component of Crocus sativus L. (saffron) that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine. In a previous study, we demonstrated that crocin inhibits apoptosis in PC-12 cells by affecting the function of tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In this study, we found that depriving cultured PC-12 cells of serum/glucose causes a(More)
Crocus sativus L. (saffron) has been used as a spice for flavoring and coloring food preparations, and in Chinese traditional medicine as an anodyne or tranquilizer. Our previous study demonstrated that crocin, a carotenoid pigment of saffron, can suppress the serum deprivation-induced death of PC12 cells by increasing glutathione (GSH) synthesis and thus(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and inflammatory cytokines cause activation of sphingomyelinases (SMases) and subsequent hydrolysis of sphingomyelin (SM) to produce a lipid messenger ceramide. The use of SMase inhibitors may offer new therapies for the treatment of the LPS- and cytokines-related inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We synthesized a series of(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and inflammatory cytokines cause activation of sphingomyelinases (SMases) and subsequent hydrolysis of sphingomyelin (SM) to produce a lipid messenger ceramide. The design of SMase inhibitors may offer new therapies for the treatment of LPS- and cytokine-related inflammatory bowel disease. We synthesized a series of(More)
Magnesium-dependent neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) present in plasma membranes is an enzyme that can be activated by stress in the form of inflammatory cytokines, serum deprivation, and hypoxia. The design of small molecule N-SMase inhibitors may offer new therapies for the treatment of inflammation, ischemic injury, and cerebral infarction. Recently,(More)
The effect of crocin on improving ethanol-induced impairment of learning behaviors of mice in passive avoidance tasks is reported. Based on these results, it became evident that crocin prevents the inhibitory effect of ethanol on long-term potentiation (LTP) in the dentate gyrus in vivo. We confirmed that crocin inhibits tumor necrosis factor(More)
The molecular architecture of hemoglobins and their subunits of the earthworms Pheretima communissima and Pheretima hilgendorfi was investigated. In both species, their s0.20,w of 60.8 S and D020,w of 1.80 . 10(-7) cm2 . s-1 corresponded to a molecular weight of 3.07 . 10(6). From electron microscopic observations, the overall structure of the hemoglobins(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether porcine preadipocytes can be efficient donor cells for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in pigs. Primary culture of porcine preadipocytes was established by de-differentiating mature fat cells taken from an adult pig. The cell cycle of the preadipocytes could be synchronized by serum starvation for 1(More)
This paper methodologically compares the electro-fusion (EF) and intracytoplasmic injection (ICI) methods, as well as simultaneous fusion/activation (SA) and delayed activation (DA), in somatic nuclear transfer in pigs using fetal fibroblast cells. Comparison of the remodeling pattern of donor nuclei after nuclear transfer by ICI or EF showed that a high(More)