Takashi Nozawa

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The pH-sensitive activity of human organic anion transporting polypeptide OATP-B, which is expressed at the apical membrane of human small intestinal epithelial cells, was functionally characterized. When initial uptake of estrone-3-sulfate, a typical substrate of OATP, was studied kinetically, we observed an increase in V(max) with decrease of pH from 7.4(More)
Purpose. To assess the functional characteristics of human organic anion transporter B (OATP-B) in comparison with those of the known, liver-specific OATP-C. Methods. OATP-B or -C was expressed in HEK293 cells or Xenopus oocytes, and uptakes of estradiol-17β-glucuronide and estrone-3-sulfate were measured using radiolabeled compounds. Results. OATP-C(More)
Irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) is a potent anticancer drug that is converted to its active metabolite, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), and other metabolites in liver. The disposition and gastrointestinal toxicity of irinotecan exhibit a wide interpatient variability. Here, we examined the contribution of an organic anion-transporting polypeptide,(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of human organic anion transporting polypeptides OATP-C (SLC21A6) and OATP-B (SLC21A9) in the Japanese population were analyzed. The allele frequencies of OATP-C*1a, OATP-C*1b (N130D), OATP-C*1c (R152K and D241N), and OATP-C*5 (V174A) were 35.2, 53.7, 0, and 0.7%, respectively, in 267 healthy Japanese subjects. In the OATP-C gene, we(More)
Some organic anions are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract through carrier-mediated transport mechanism(s), which may include proton-coupled transport, anion exchange transport, and others. However, the molecular identity of the organic anion transporters localized at the apical membrane of human intestinal epithelial cells has not been clearly(More)
Troglitazone is a thiazolidinedione insulin sensitizer drug that is metabolized mainly to a sulfate conjugate (M-1) in humans. It was reported to cause hepatotoxicity, although the cause has not been fully clarified. The objective of this study was to identify whether organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) transporters expressed at the basolateral(More)
The basolateral amygdala (BLA) is intimately involved in the development of conditional fear. Converging lines of evidence support a role for this region in the storage of fear memory but do not rule out a time-limited role in the memory consolidation. To examine this issue, we assessed the stability of BLA contribution to fear memories acquired across the(More)
Authors: Daisuke Kobayashi, Takashi Nozawa, Kozue Imai, Jun-ichi Nezu, Akira Tsuji and Ikumi Tamai Department of Molecular Biopharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Sciences (D.K., T.N., K.I., I.T.), Tokyo, Japan; Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University (D.K., T.N., A.T.),(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the transport activity of the human organic anion transporter OATP-C (SLC21A6) for oligopeptides that are eliminated rapidly from the systemic circulation. We focused on an opioid peptide analogue, [D-Ala(2), D-Leu(5)]-enkephalin (DADLE), a linear pentapeptide modified to be stable. [(3)H]DADLE was taken up by rat(More)
An additional component in the purified core light-harvesting complex (LH1) from wild-type purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum has been identified as an oxidized species of alpha-polypeptide by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. This component appears as a slightly earlier-eluting peak in the RP-HPLC chromatogram compared with the authentic(More)