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Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common and lethal heart disease, and the recruitment of fibroblastic cells to the infarct region is essential for the cardiac healing process. Although stiffness of the extracellular matrix in the infarct myocardium is associated with cardiac healing, the molecular mechanism of cardiac healing is not fully understood.(More)
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and denitrification are two distinct microbial reactions relevant to the global nitrogen cycle. The proposed initial step of the anammox reactions, reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide, has been postulated to be identical to that in denitrification catalyzed by the dissimilatory nitrite reductase of the cytochrome(More)
A multiheme protein having hydrazine-oxidizing activity was purified from enriched culture from a reactor in which an anammox bacterium, strain KSU-1, was dominant. The enzyme has oxidizing activity toward hydrazine but not hydroxylamine and is a 130-kDa homodimer composed of a 62-kDa polypeptide containing eight hemes. It was therefore named(More)
Anammox process has attracted considerable attention in the recent years as an alternative to conventional nitrogen removal technologies. In this study, a column type reactor using a novel net type acrylic fiber (Biofix) support material was used for anammox treatment. The Biofix reactor was operated at a temperature of 25 degrees C (peak summer(More)
Plautia stali intestine virus (PSIV) has an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) at the intergenic region of the genome. The PSIV IRES initiates translation with glutamine rather than the universal methionine. To analyze the mechanism of IRES-mediated initiation, binding of IRES RNA to salt-washed ribosomes in the absence of translation factors was studied.(More)
BACKGROUND Matricellular proteins, including periostin, are important for tissue regeneration. METHODS AND FINDINGS Presently we investigated the function of periostin in cutaneous wound healing by using periostin-deficient ⁻/⁻ mice. Periostin mRNA was expressed in both the epidermis and hair follicles, and periostin protein was located at the basement(More)
Gordonia sp. strain P8219, a strain able to decompose di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate, was isolated from machine oil-contaminated soil. Mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate hydrolase was purified from cell extracts of this strain. This enzyme was a 32,164-Da homodimeric protein, and it effectively hydrolyzed monophthalate esters, such as monoethyl, monobutyl, monohexyl,(More)
The intergenic region-internal ribosome entry site (IGR-IRES) of dicistroviruses binds to 40S ribosomal subunits in the absence of eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Although the conserved loop sequences in dicistroviral IGR-IRES elements are protected from chemical modifications in the presence of the 40S subunit, molecular components in the 40S(More)
Effect of high salt concentration on the anammox treatment was investigated to establish an acclimation strategy under high salt concentration conditions. An anammox fixed-bed reactor with non-woven biomass carrier was used and the salt concentration was gradually increased from 2.5 g L(-1) to 33 g L(-1). The anammox reactor demonstrated stable nitrogen(More)
Neurodegeneration correlates with Alzheimer's disease (AD) symptoms, but the molecular identities of pathogenic amyloid β-protein (Aβ) oligomers and their targets, leading to neurodegeneration, remain unclear. Amylospheroids (ASPD) are AD patient-derived 10- to 15-nm spherical Aβ oligomers that cause selective degeneration of mature neurons. Here, we show(More)