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This paper describes several new methods and software for automatic segmentation of the pelvis and the femur, based on clinically obtained multislice computed tomography (CT) data. The hip joint is composed of the acetabulum, cavity of the pelvic bone, and the femoral head. In vivo CT data sets of 60 actual patients were used in the study. The 120 (60 x 2)(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the accuracy and consistency of a method using a voxel-based MR image registration algorithm for precise monitoring of knee joint diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rigid body transformation was calculated using a normalized cross-correlation (NCC) algorithm involving simple manual segmentation of the bone region based on its anatomical(More)
Measuring the thickness of sheet-like thin anatomical structures, such as articular cartilage and brain cortex, in three-dimensional (3-D) magnetic resonance (MR) images is an important diagnostic procedure. This paper investigates the fundamental limits on the accuracy of thickness determination in MR images. We defined thickness here as the distance(More)
In 17 patients with unilateral hip disease who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA), the gait was analyzed preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after unilateral THA using a Vicon system to assess the recovery of walking speed and symmetrical movement of the hip, knee, ankle, and pelvis. The walking speed of these patients reached that of normal(More)