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Sirtuins are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases that connect metabolism and aging. In mammals, there are seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7), three of which are associated with mitochondria. Here, we show that SIRT5 localizes in the mitochondrial matrix and interacts with carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1), an enzyme, catalyzing the initial step of the urea cycle(More)
In acutely isolated spinal dorsal horn neurons of the rat, effects of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) on inward current induced by excitatory amino acids were studied under whole-cell voltage-clamp condition. 5-HT suppressed the response to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), but not the response to kainate or quisqualate. This inhibitory effect of 5-HT on(More)
Mice that lack caspase-3, which functions in apoptosis, were generated by gene targeting and shown to undergo hearing loss. The ABR threshold of the caspase-3(-/-) mice was significantly elevated compared to that of caspase-3(+/+) mice at 15 days of age and was progressively elevated further by 30 days. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions were not(More)
The excitatory amino-acid-induced currents in nucleus tractus solitarii neurons freshly isolated from rats were investigated in a whole-cell recording mode using a conventional patch-clamp technique. At a holding potential of -70 mV, L-glutamate (Glu), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) with 10(-9) M glycine, kainate (KA), quisqualate (QA) and L-aspartate (Asp)(More)
Cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) are polarized epithelial cells that have mechanoelectrical transduction channels within their apical stereocilia and produce electromotile force along their lateral wall. Phase shifts, or time delays, in the transmembrane voltage occurring at different axial locations along the cell may contribute to our understanding of how(More)
1. Electrical and pharmacologic properties of ATP-induced current in outer hair cells isolated from guinea pig cochlea were investigated in the whole-cell recording mode by the use of a conventional patch-clamp technique. 2. Under current-clamp conditions, rapid application of ATP depolarized the outer hair cells resulting in an increase in conductance. The(More)
BACKGROUND It remains to be elucidated whether dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor can ameliorate cardiovascular injury in salt-sensitive hypertension. The present study was undertaken to test our hypothesis that linagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, administration initiated after onset of hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy can ameliorate cardiovascular(More)
1. The acetylcholine (ACh)-induced currents (IACh) in dissociated outer hair cells (OHCs) of guinea-pig cochlea were investigated using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, in both conventional and nystatin perforated-patch configurations. 2. ACh and carbamylcholine (CCh) induced outward currents at a holding potential (VH) of -60 mV in the(More)
BACKGROUND Although renal denervation (RD) is shown to reduce blood pressure significantly in patients with resistant hypertension, the benefit of RD in prevention of stroke is unknown. We hypothesized that RD can prevent the incidence of stroke and brain injury in hypertensive rats beyond blood pressure lowering. METHODS AND RESULTS High-salt-loaded,(More)