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Mitochondria play an important role in energy production, Ca2+ homeostasis and cell death. In recent years, the role of the mitochondria in apoptotic and necrotic cell death has attracted much attention. In apoptosis and necrosis, the mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT), which leads to disruption of the mitochondrial membranes and mitochondrial(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) is a second messenger that releases Ca2+ from its intracellular stores. The InsP3 receptor has been purified and its cDNA has been cloned. We have found that the InsP3 receptor is identical to P400 protein, first identified as a protein enriched in cerebellar Purkinje cells. We have generated an L-fibroblast cell(More)
Endoxyloglucan transferase is a novel class of glycosyltransferase recently purified from Vigna angularis (Nishitani, K,, and Tominaga, R. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 21058-21064). This enzyme is the first transferase identified that catalyzes molecular grafting between polysaccharide cross-links in the cell wall matrix and participates in reconstruction of(More)
We previously reported that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulates both food intake and blood glucose metabolism in rodent obese diabetic models such as C57BL/KsJ-lepr(db)/lepr(db) (db/db) mice. To elucidate the effect of BDNF on glucose metabolism, we designed a novel pellet pair-feeding apparatus to eliminate the effect of appetite alteration(More)
BACKGROUND The Cut1 and Cut2 proteins of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe form a complex and are required for the separation of sister chromatids during anaphase. Polyubiquitinated Cut2 degrades at the onset of anaphase and this degradation, like that of mitotic cyclin, is dependent on the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome. Expression of Cut2(More)
We analyzed a Japanese chick wingless mutant (Jwg) to know a molecular mechanism underlying wing development. We observed expression patterns of eleven marker genes to characterize the mutant. Expressions of dorsoventral (DV) and mesenchymal marker genes were intact in nascent Jwg limb buds. However, expression of Fgf8, a marker gene for the apical(More)
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases that connect metabolism and aging. In mammals, there are seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7), three of which are associated with mitochondria. Here, we show that SIRT5 localizes in the mitochondrial matrix and interacts with carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1), an enzyme, catalyzing the initial step of the urea cycle(More)
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor acts as an InsP3-gated Ca2+ release channel in a variety of cell types. Type 1 InsP3 receptor (IP3R1) is the major neuronal member of the IP3R family in the central nervous system, predominantly enriched in cerebellar Purkinje cells but also concentrated in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region,(More)
Since a deep involvement of astrocytes, a kind of glial cells, in differentiation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been suggested, we examined the relation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to the BBB. First, immunohistochemical examination of the cerebral cortex of rats revealed that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(More)
The expression of mRNAs for the glial glutamate transporters, GLT-1 and GLAST, in the rat brain accompanied with morphine dependence and naloxone-precipitated withdrawal was investigated by Northern blot analysis. The expression of GLT-1 mRNA was significantly decreased in the striatum and thalamus of morphine-dependent rats, and significantly increased in(More)