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Nineteen DNA samples that carry integrated hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were isolated from seven independent human hepatomas by molecular cloning, and their structures were determined. The results, combined with reported data, were analyzed so that one can obtain insights into the mechanisms of integration of this virus DNA and possible rearrangements that(More)
Interleukin (IL)-8 produced from glioblastoma is suggested to contribute to its own proliferation and progression. Since various external stimuli have been shown to increase intracellular Ca(2+) in glioma cells, we investigated Ca(2+) mobilization-dependent IL-8 expression and effect of cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of calcineurin (Cn), on the(More)
Integrated hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA is found in hepatocellular carcinomas which develop in HBV carriers. Presented here are the results of analyses of four integrants that show chromosomal rearrangements associated with the integrated HBV DNA. Two clones (p4 and C15) were found to have large inverted repeating structures, each consisting of HBV genome(More)
A recent western study reports that t(2; 3)(q13; p25) translocation resulting in the expression of the Pax8-PPAR gamma fusion gene in patients with thyroid follicular carcinoma (FTC) occurs with high incidence (63%). Furthermore, the products of the fusion gene were shown to suppress the function of PPAR gamma in a predominantly negative manner, conferring(More)
VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) secreted from tumor cells including breast cancer serves as a potent angiogenic factor which favors tumor growth and metastasis. Indeed, a higher concentration of serum VEGF has been shown to associate with a poorer prognosis in patients with breast cancer. On the other hand, constitutive expression of a(More)
Calpain is a Ca(2+)-activated neutral protease that supposedly plays a key role in myocardial dysfunction following ischemia/reperfusion, by degrading certain proteins involved in the contraction mechanism. It is possible that overexpression of calpastatin, an endogenous calpain inhibitor, lessens contractile dysfunction in the heart after reperfusion by(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA is often found in integrated form in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and in non-cancerous liver cells of chronic carriers of HBV. However, the process of integration has not been well understood. Analyses of integrant DNA was expected to give clues. However, the majority of the integrants are products of multistep rearrangements(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) belongs to a superfamily of thyroid / steroid hormone receptors and regulates transcription of their target genes in a ligand-dependent manner. Recently, PPARgamma was reported to be expressed in several cell lines derived from breast, colon, stomach and lung cancers. Activation of PPARgamma by(More)