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Embryonic morphogenesis of vascular and nervous systems is tightly coordinated, and recent studies revealed that some neurogenetic factors such as Sonic hedgehog (Shh) also exhibit angiogenetic potential. Vascularization within the developing mouse neural tube depends on vessel sprouting from the surrounding vascular plexus. Previous studies implicated(More)
Liposuction aspirates (primarily saline solution, blood, and adipose tissue fragments) separate into fatty and fluid portions. Cells isolated from the fatty portion are termed processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells and contain adipose-derived adherent stromal cells (ASCs). Here we define cells isolated from the fluid portion of liposuction aspirates as(More)
Wound fluids, human serum from platelet-poor and platelet-rich plasma (SPPP and SPRP), contain various soluble factors involved in cell growth and proliferation. Levels of cytokines, chemokines, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in drainage fluids (DFs) harvested from subcutaneous wounds, punctured fluids (PF) from seroma, and SPPP were measured. SPPP(More)
Although embryonic development is inevitably affected by biophysical or biomechanical processes, it has yet to be elucidated to what extent molecular mechanisms of development are modulated by such physical factors. The hedgehog family, including Sonic hedgehog (Shh), is the most well-known morphogens involved in the developmental pattern formation of(More)
To investigate the role in synaptic plasticity of Ca(2+) released from intracellular Ca(2+) stores, mice lacking the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate type 1 receptor were developed and the physiological properties, long-term potentiation, and long-term depression of their hippocampal CA1 neurons were examined. There were no significant differences in basic(More)
Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are one of the most promising stem cell populations that differentiate into the mesodermal as well as neural lineages in vitro. In this study, we examined the neural differentiating potential of human ASCs by a neurosphere culture method. Neurospheres derived from human ASCs expressed Nestin and Musashi-1 genes, which(More)
A common complication in patients with incontinence is perineal skin lesions, which are recognized as a form of dermatitis. In these patients, perineal skin is exposed to digestive enzymes and intestinal bacterial flora, as well as excessive water. The relative contributions of digestive enzymes and intestinal bacterial flora to skin lesion formation have(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a well-known morphogen indispensable in facial and nervous development, and recently it has also garnered much attention as a potent angiogenic factor. We previously created an animal model of holoprosencephaly by administration of cyclopamine, a specific inhibitor of hedgehog signaling, to the mouse embryos cultured in vitro, and(More)
A hybrid specimen between endemic Miyabe charr Salvelinus malma miyabei and introduced masu salmon Oncorhynchus masou masou was collected in an inlet stream (Yamada Creek) of the Lake Shikaribetsu. This specimen showed intermediate external characteristics between two species and was also confirmed as a hybrid by DNA markers. The mtDNA of the specimen was(More)
In the stable marriage problem, any instance admits the so-called man-optimal stable matching, in which every man is assigned the best possible partner. However, there are instances for which all men receive low-ranked partners even in the man-optimal stable matching. In this paper we consider the problem of improving the man-optimal stable matching by(More)